Phase I Study of CHK1 Inhibitor LY2603618 in Combination with Gemcitabine in Patients with Solid Tumors

Emiliano Calvo, Fadi Braiteh, Daniel Von Hoff, Robert R Mc Williams, Carlos Becerra, Matthew D. Galsky, Gayle Jameson, Ji Lin, Scott McKane, Enaksha R. Wickremsinhe, Scott M. Hynes, Aimee Bence Lin, Karla Hurt, Donald Richards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: LY2603618, a selective inhibitor of checkpoint kinase 1 (CHK1) and key regulator of the DNA damage checkpoint, may enhance the effects of antimetabolites. This phase I study defined the recommended phase II dose of LY2603618 combined with gemcitabine. Patients and Methods: Patients with advanced/metastatic disease were administered doses of LY2603618 (70-250 mg/m2 or flat-fixed doses of 200 or 230 mg) after gemcitabine (1,000 mg/m2). Safety and pharmacokinetics (PK) were assessed. Results: Among the 50 patients enrolled, frequent adverse events possibly related to study drug treatment included fatigue (44%), decreased platelets (42%), decreased neutrophils (32%), nausea (26%), and decreased hemoglobin (20%). Systemic exposure of LY2603618 increased dose dependently, while clearance was relatively dose independent. The mean LY2603618 half-life varied; however, the durations were still suitable for maintaining human exposures while minimizing accumulation. LY2603618 PK were not altered by gemcitabine administration. Plasma exposures that correlate with the maximal pharmacodynamic effect in nonclinical models were achieved for all doses. One patient with non-small cell lung cancer carcinoma achieved a partial response; 22 patients had stable disease. Conclusions: The maximum tolerated dose of LY2603618 combined with gemcitabine was 200 mg/m2, but a fixed LY2603618 dose of 230 mg combined with gemcitabine was selected as the recommended phase II dose.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalOncology (Switzerland)
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Sep 7 2016

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • CHK1
  • Gemcitabine
  • LY2603618
  • Phase I

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Calvo, E., Braiteh, F., Von Hoff, D., Mc Williams, R. R., Becerra, C., Galsky, M. D., Jameson, G., Lin, J., McKane, S., Wickremsinhe, E. R., Hynes, S. M., Bence Lin, A., Hurt, K., & Richards, D. (Accepted/In press). Phase I Study of CHK1 Inhibitor LY2603618 in Combination with Gemcitabine in Patients with Solid Tumors. Oncology (Switzerland). https://doi.org/10.1159/000448621