A phase I clinical trial of N-phosphonacetyl-L-aspartic acid (PALA) and 5-fluorouracil (FUra) was performed on 30 patients. PALA was given as a 15-minute iv infusion once daily for 5 days, and FUra was given as a bolus injection on days 2, 3, 4, and 5. Cycles of treatment were repeated every 3 weeks. Dose-limiting toxicity was manifested by stomatitis and diarrhea. Skin rash was observed also but was not dose limiting. No consistent hematopoietic or renal toxicity was observed. Seventeen patients with disseminated metastatic melanoma and measurable disease were evaluated for response. One partial response was seen; however, the response was associated with significant toxicity, and the treatment could not be repeated. Stable disease was observed in 3 patients with melanoma, 1 patient with colon carcinoma, and 1 patient with ovarian carcinoma. Our findings suggest that the clinical activity of PALA and FUra given according to the above schedule for melanoma is less than 25% (P<0.05). Pharmacokinetic studies of FUra revealed no consistent effect of PALA pretreatment on FUra disappearance in plasma. The mean FUra elimination half-life in plasma was 7.11 ± 0.84 minutes (SEM), which is no different from that reported for FUra alone. The recommended doses on this schedule for phase II studies are 1,000 mg PALA/m2/day iv daily for 5 days and 200 mg FUra/m2/day iv on days 2, 3, 4, and 5.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of the National Cancer Institute|
|State||Published - May 28 1982|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research