Phase I-II trial of bortezomib plus oral cyclophosphamide and prednisone in relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma

Donna E. Reece, Giovanni Piza Rodriguez, Christine Chen, Suzanne Trudel, Vishal Kukreti, Joseph Mikhael, Mariela Pantoja, Wei Xu, A. Keith Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

90 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The combination of oral weekly cyclophosphamide and alternate day prednisone is a convenient regimen for relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM), and we sought to improve its efficacy by adding bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor with proven antimyeloma activity. Patients and Methods: We conducted a phase I-II trial evaluating six dose levels to define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of this combination in relapsed/refractory MM. An additional 10 patients were evaluated at the highest dose level reached. Results: Thirty-seven patients were treated on this study. The MTD was not defined. Both of the highest dose levels of bortezomib tested (1.3 mg/m2 on days 1, 4, 8, and 11 and 1.5 mg/m2 on days 1, 8, and 15, each on a 28-day cycle) could be safely given with cyclophosphamide 300 mg/m2 per week and prednisone. At these dose levels, the overall response rate was 95% (complete responses [CR] plus partial response plus minimal response), with CR observed in more than 50% of patients. The weekly bortezomib regimen resulted in fewer instances of grade 3 thrombocytopenia and grade 1 to 2 peripheral neuropathy; the 1-year progression-free and overall survival probabilities with this dose level were 83% (95% CI, 73% to 96%) and 100%, respectively. Conclusion: Weekly bortezomib 1.5 mg/m2 plus oral cyclophosphamide and prednisone produces an unprecedented response rate and encouraging 1-year survival in relapsed/refractory patients with MM. Further evaluation of this promising regimen is warranted both in relapsed and newly diagnosed disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4777-4783
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume26
Issue number29
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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