Purpose: This phase I study was undertaken to define the maximum tolerated dose, safety, and pharmacokinetic profile of CP-751,871. Experimental Design: Using a rapid dose escalation design, patientswith advanced nonhematologic malignancies were treated with CP-751,871 in four dose escalation cohorts. CP-751,871 was administered i.v. on day 1 of each 21-day cycle. Pharmacokinetic evaluation was done in all treatment cohorts during cycles1 and 4. Results: Twenty-four patients received 110 cycles at four dose levels. The maximum tolerated dose exceeded the maximal feasible dose of 20 mg/kg and, thus, was not identified. Treatment-related toxicities were generally mild. The most common adverse events were hyperglycemia, anorexia, nausea, elevated aspartate aminotransferase, elevated γ-glutamyltransferase, diarrhea, hyperuracemia, and fatigue. At 20 mg/kg, 10 of 15 patients experienced stability of disease. Two of these patients experienced long-term stability. There were no objective responses. Pharmacokinetic analysis revealed a dose-dependent increase in CP-751,871 exposure and ∼2-fold accumulation on repeated dosing in 21-day cycles. Plasma concentrations of CP-751,871 attained were several log-fold greater than the biologically active concentration. Treatment with CP-751,871 increased serum insulin and human growth hormone levels, with modest increases in serum glucose levels. Conclusions: CP-751,871 has a favorable safety profile and was well tolerated when given in continuous cycles. At themaximal feasible dose of 20 mg/kg, there was amoderate accumulation in plasma exposure, and most of the treated patients experienced stability of disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research