Phase 2 trial of pemetrexed disodium and carboplatin in previously untreated extensive-stage small cell lung cancer, N0423

Cheng E. Chee, James R. Jett, Albert M. Bernath, Nathan R. Foster, Garth D. Nelson, Julian Molina, Daniel A. Nikcevich, Preston D. Steen, Patrick J. Flynn, Kendrith M. Rowland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC), the combination of pemetrexed plus carboplatin has shown activity and appeared to be well-tolerated.We conducted a trial to confirm the efficacy and to assess the tolerability of this chemotherapy combination. METHODS: Patients with untreated extensive-stage SCLC were enrolled in this phase 2 open-labeled study. They receive pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 and carboplatin (area under the curve of 5) every 21 days for a maximum 6 cycles. The primary endpoint for this trial was the confirmed response rate and the accrual goal was 70 patients. RESULTS: Forty-six eligible patients (29 aged <70 years, 17 aged ≥70 years) were accrued to this study. The efficacy outcomes were similar between the 2 age groups. Overall, the confirmed response rate was 35% (16 of 46; 95% confidence interval [CI], 21%-50%), where all 16 were partial responses. On the basis of these results, we had strong evidence that the study would not meet the preset efficacy criteria and was, therefore, closed before full accrual. The median duration of response was 4.4 months (95% CI, 2.9-5.2). Median overall survival for patients aged <70 years and aged ≥70 years was 9.2 months (95% CI, 5.4-11.6) and 10.8 months (95% CI, 2.2-14.3), respectively. Grade 3 or higher toxicity rates were similar between the younger and older patients. Grade 3/4 and grade 4 hematological toxicities were observed in 46% and 26% of patients, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Although well-tolerated, the combination of pemetrexed and carboplatin is not as effective as standard therapy in patients with untreated extensive-stage SCLC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2382-2389
Number of pages8
JournalCancer
Volume116
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2010

Keywords

  • Carboplatin
  • Extensive stage
  • Lung cancer
  • Pemetrexed
  • Small cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Chee, C. E., Jett, J. R., Bernath, A. M., Foster, N. R., Nelson, G. D., Molina, J., Nikcevich, D. A., Steen, P. D., Flynn, P. J., & Rowland, K. M. (2010). Phase 2 trial of pemetrexed disodium and carboplatin in previously untreated extensive-stage small cell lung cancer, N0423. Cancer, 116(10), 2382-2389. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.24967