BACKGROUND NVP-AUY922 (AUY; Luminespib) with or without bortezomib showed preclinical activity against multiple myeloma (MM) cells. This phase 1/1B study assessed NVP-AUY922 alone and with bortezomib in patients with relapsed or refractory MM. METHODS Dose escalation was guided by an adaptive Bayesian logistic regression model. In phase 1, patients who progressed after 2 to 4 prior therapies received NVP-AUY922 intravenously once weekly. In phase 1B, patients who progressed after 2 or fewer prior therapies received NVP-AUY922 plus bortezomib. The primary objective was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of NVP-AUY922. RESULTS Twenty-four patients received NVP-AUY922 monotherapy at doses of 8 to 70 mg/m<sup>2</sup>. One dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was observed (grade 3 blurred vision at 70 mg/m<sup>2</sup>); no MTD was reached. The recommended phase 2 dose was 70 mg/m<sup>2</sup>. The most frequent drug-related adverse events (AEs) were diarrhea, nausea, and ocular toxicities. Grade 3/4 AEs were uncommon (<10%). Eight patients discontinued treatment because of AEs; 5 had ocular toxicities (≥45 mg/m<sup>2</sup>). The best response was stable disease in 66.7% of the patients. There were no partial or complete responses. Five patients received NVP-AUY922 (which was started at 50 mg/m<sup>2</sup>) plus bortezomib (1.3 mg/m<sup>2</sup>). Three of these patients experienced DLT. No further dose escalation was performed; the MTD for NVP-AUY922 plus bortezomib was not established. CONCLUSIONS This study showed disease stabilization with NVP-AUY922 in patients with relapsed or refractory MM. The MTD for NVP-AUY922 was not reached, but reversible ocular toxicity has been reported at high dose levels. Bortezomib at the standard recommended dose plus NVP-AUY922 was not tolerated. Cancer 2015;121:2185-2192.
- heat shock protein 90
- heat shock protein 90 inhibitors
- proteasome inhibitor
- relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research