Phase 1 trial of ontuxizumab (MORAb-004) in children with relapsed or refractory solid tumors: A report from the Children's Oncology Group Phase 1 Pilot Consortium (ADVL1213)

Robin E. Norris, Elizabeth Fox, Joel M Reid, Andrew Ralya, Xiaowei W. Liu, Charles Minard, Brenda J. Weigel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Ontuxizumab is a humanized IgG monoclonal antibody that targets the cell-surface glycoprotein endosialin (tumor endothelial marker-1[TEM-1]/CD248) found on activated mesenchymal cells and certain tumors. Ontuxizumab binding to endosialin may interfere with platelet-derived growth factor signaling, prevent tumor stroma organization, and prevent new vessel formation. Methods: Ontuxizumab was administered intravenously on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of a 28-day cycle at three dose levels (4, 8, and 12 mg/kg). Further dose escalation to 16 mg/kg was planned if the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was not reached and the ontuxizumab systemic clearance was ≥30% higher in children compared to adults. Following determination of the MTD/recommended phase 2 dose, an additional cohort of six patients (<12 years) was enrolled for further pharmacokinetics (PK) evaluation. Results: Twenty-seven eligible patients (17 male, median age 15 years, range 3-21 years) were enrolled. Twenty-two patients (neuroblastoma [5], Ewing sarcoma [4], rhabdomyosarcoma [4], and other tumors [9]) were fully evaluable for toxicity. Five patients did not complete cycle 1 due to tumor progression. Two of 10 patients experienced dose-limiting toxicity of bacteremia (n = 1) and hyponatremia (n = 1) at 12 mg/kg. Grade ≤2 fever or infusion-related reactions occurred in 10 patients. Clearance was dose dependent and within 30% of adult value at 12 mg/kg. Conclusion: Ontuxizumab administered weekly at 12 mg/kg appears to be well tolerated in children with relapsed or refractory solid tumors. The PK of ontuxizumab does not appear to be significantly different in children compared to adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPediatric Blood and Cancer
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Ontuxizumab
  • Phase 1
  • Solid tumors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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