Phase 1 study of anti-CD47 monoclonal antibody CC-90002 in patients with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia and high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes

Amer M. Zeidan, Daniel J. DeAngelo, Jeanne Palmer, Christopher S. Seet, Martin S. Tallman, Xin Wei, Heather Raymon, Priya Sriraman, Stephan Kopytek, Jan Philipp Bewersdorf, Michael R. Burgess, Kristen Hege, Wendy Stock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

CC-90002 is an anti-CD47 antibody that inhibits CD47-SIRPα interaction and enables macrophage-mediated killing of tumor cells in hematological cancer cell lines. In this first clinical, phase 1, dose-escalation and -expansion study (CC-90002-AML-001; NCT02641002), we evaluated CC-90002 in patients with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). CC-90002 was administered in escalating doses of 0.1–4.0 mg/kg, using a modified 3 + 3 design. Primary endpoints included dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), non-tolerated dose (NTD), maximum tolerated dose (MTD), and recommended phase 2 dose. Secondary endpoints included preliminary efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and presence/frequency of anti-drug antibodies (ADAs). Between March 2016 and July 2018, 28 patients were enrolled (24 with AML and 4 with MDS) at 6 sites across the USA. As of July 18, 2018, all patients had discontinued, mainly due to death or progressive disease. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events were diarrhea (46.4%), thrombocytopenia (39.3%), febrile neutropenia (35.7%), and aspartate aminotransferase increase (35.7%). Four patients experienced DLTs (1 patient had grade 4 disseminated intravascular coagulation and grade 5 cerebral hemorrhage, 1 had grade 3 purpura, 1 had grade 4 congestive cardiac failure and grade 5 acute respiratory failure, and another had grade 5 sepsis). The NTD and MTD were not reached. No objective responses occurred. CC-90002 serum exposure was dose-dependent. ADAs were present across all doses, and the proportion of ADA-positive patients in cycle 1 increased over time. Despite no unexpected safety findings, the CC-90002-AML-001 study was discontinued in dose escalation for lack of monotherapy activity and evidence of ADAs. However, as other anti-CD47 agents in clinical trials are showing promising early results for AML and MDS, understanding preclinical and clinical differences between individual agents in this class will be of high importance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)557-569
Number of pages13
JournalAnnals of hematology
Volume101
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Hematological cancer
  • IgG4PE
  • Macrophages
  • Safety
  • SIRPα

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Phase 1 study of anti-CD47 monoclonal antibody CC-90002 in patients with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia and high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this