Pharmacological inhibition of CSF1R by GW2580 reduces microglial proliferation and is protective against neuroinflammation and dopaminergic neurodegeneration

Matthew L. Neal, Sheila M. Fleming, Kevin M. Budge, Alexa M. Boyle, Chunki Kim, Gelareh Alam, Eric E. Beier, Long Jun Wu, Jason R. Richardson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Increased pro-inflammatory cytokine levels and proliferation of activated microglia have been found in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and animal models of PD, suggesting that targeting of the microglial inflammatory response may result in neuroprotection in PD. Microglial proliferation is regulated by many factors, but colony stimulating factor-1 receptor (CSF1R) has emerged as a primary factor. Using data mining techniques on existing microarray data, we found that mRNA expression of the CSF1R ligand, CSF-1, is increased in the brain of PD patients compared to controls. In two different neurotoxic mouse models of PD, acute MPTP and sub-chronic LPS treatment, mRNA and protein levels of CSF1R and CSF-1 were significantly increased. Treatment with the CSF1R inhibitor GW2580 significantly attenuated MPTP-induced CSF1R activation and Iba1-positive cell proliferation, without a reduction of the basal Iba1-positive population in the substantia nigra. GW2580 treatment also significantly decreased mRNA levels of pro-inflammatory factors, without alteration of anti-inflammatory mediators, and significantly attenuated the MPTP-induced loss of dopamine neurons and motor behavioral deficits. Importantly, these effects were observed in the absence of overt microglial depletion, suggesting that targeting CSF1R signaling may be a viable neuroprotective strategy in PD that disrupts pro-inflammatory signaling, but maintains the beneficial effects of microglia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1679-1694
Number of pages16
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • Parkinson's disease
  • microglia
  • neuroprotection
  • proliferation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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