Pharmacological dissection of components of the Valsalva maneuver in adrenergic failure

P. Sandroni, E. E. Benarroch, P. A. Low

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148 Scopus citations

Abstract

The arterial blood pressure (BP) components of the Valsalva maneuver (VM) were analyzed to ascertain whether they could be used as an index of adrenergic regulation of the circulation. We studied a control and three age- and sex-matched patient groups. Sympathetic adrenergic failure was graded on the basis of the degree of systolic BP (SBP) reduction during tilt: orthostatic hypotension (OH; SBP >30 mmHg), borderline OH (BOH; 30< SBP >10 mmHg), and sympathetic sudomotor failure (SSF). Controls exhibited a biphasic phase II, consisting of a modest decrement (early phase II) followed by a rise in BP (late phase II; II1) above resting values. All the patient groups including SSF exhibited a significant reduction in II1. An excessive BP fall in phase II and an absent phase IV overshoot were observed in the OH group. BOH and, to a lesser extent, SSF groups showed a significant reduction in phase IV overshoot. We conclude that BP changes during VM will detect adrenergic vasoconstrictor failure with greater sensitivity than orthostatic BP recordings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1563-1567
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Volume71
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

Keywords

  • orthostatic hypotension
  • sudomotor failure
  • systolic blood pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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