Introduction: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common opportunistic infection that causes significant morbidity and preventable mortality after solid-organ and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Areas covered: Current strategies of pharmacological treatment of CMV in solid-organ and hematologic stem cell transplantation are reviewed. The role of the newly approved drug, letermovir, and other novel investigational compounds is discussed. The complementary role of viral and immunologic monitoring in guiding the optimal role of pharmacologic agents on the management of CMV after transplantation is highlighted. Advances in immunotherapeutics are highlighted. Expert commentary: With advances in therapeutic and diagnostic modalities, the management of CMV infection and disease after transplantation continues to evolve. The authors provide a succinct yet comprehensive review of the current prevention and treatment for CMV infection and disease in transplant recipients. The role of the newly approved drug, letermovir, for CMV prevention is highlighted in the context of current prevention strategies after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The emerging role of cell-mediated immunologic monitoring, which complements the established function of viral load testing, is emphasized. Finally, the integration of novel antiviral therapies, standardized molecular tests, immunologic assays, and immunotherapeutics are discussed.
- hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
- preemptive therapy
- solid organ transplantation
- viral load
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
- Pharmacology (medical)