Pharmacogenetics of the mycophenolic acid targets inosine monophosphate dehydrogenases IMPDH1 and IMPDH2: Gene sequence variation and functional genomics

T. Y. Wu, Y. Peng, L. L. Pelleymounter, I. Moon, B. W. Eckloff, E. D. Wieben, V. C. Yee, Richard M. Weinshilboum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Inosine monophosphate dehydrogenases, encoded by IMPDH1 and IMPDH2, are targets for the important immunosuppressive drug, mycophenolic acid (MPA). Variation in MPA response may result, in part, from genetic variation in IMPDH1 and IMPDH2. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH We resequenced IMPDH1 and IMPDH2 using DNA from 288 individuals from three ethnic groups and performed functional genomic studies of the sequence variants observed. KEY RESULTS We identified 73 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in IMPDH1, 59 novel, and 25 SNPs, 24 novel, in IMPDH2. One novel IMPDH1 allozyme (Leu275) had 10.2% of the wild-type activity as a result of accelerated protein degradation. Decreased activity of the previously reported IMPDH2 Phe263 allozyme was primarily due to decreased protein quantity, also with accelerated degradation. These observations with regard to the functional implications of variant allozymes were supported by the IMPDH1 and IMPDH2 X-ray crystal structures. A novel IMPDH2 intron 1 SNP, G > C IVS1(93), was associated with decreased mRNA quantity, possibly because of altered transcription. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS These results provide insight into the nature and extent of sequence variation in the IMPDH1 and IMPDH2 genes. They also describe the influence of gene sequence variation that alters the encoded amino acids on IMPDH function and provide a foundation for future translational studies designed to correlate sequence variation in these genes with outcomes in patients treated with MPA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1584-1598
Number of pages15
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume161
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2010

Keywords

  • Functional genomics
  • IMPDH1
  • IMPDH2
  • Inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase
  • Mycophenolate mofetil
  • Mycophenolate sodium
  • Mycophenolic acid
  • Pharmacogenetics
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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