Pharmacologic therapies are essential in the management of patients with hemostatic and thrombotic diseases because these therapies are able to modify components of the coagulation pathway and platelet response. Nevertheless, responses to different drugs vary significantly, and the best clinical outcome frequently involves a delicate risk/benefit balance. The recent exponential growth of pharmacogenomics has led to the emergence of individualized medicine that has revolutionized modern medical practice, allowing for a deeper understanding of pathophysiology, increased diagnostic specificity, and better markers for risk stratification and an enhanced potential for gene therapy. Management of drugs prescribed to treat thrombotic and hemostatic abnormalities may benefit from pharmacogenetics, and our focus in this review will be on the pharmacogenetics related to some of the more common drugs that fall into this category.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine