Persistent Genital Arousal Disorder (PGAD): A Clinical Review and Case Series in Support of Multidisciplinary Management

Eric R. Pease, Matthew Ziegelmann, Jennifer A. Vencill, Susan N. Kok, C. Scott Collins, Hannah K. Betcher

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD) is an uncommon condition resulting in intrusive, unwanted and distressing symptoms of genital arousal. Presentation can vary and most cases do not have an immediately identifiable etiology. Objectives: To present evaluation and treatment recommendations for PGAD from a multidisciplinary perspective and provide case examples. Methods: A focused review of the literature on diagnosis, workup, and treatment of PGAD was completed. A case series of 3 varying presentations of PGAD is offered. Results: PGAD results in high levels of patient distress and is best managed with a multidisciplinary treatment approach. Identification and management of co-occurring symptoms or disease states is imperative, particularly psychologic and psychiatric comorbidities. With appropriate intervention, patients may achieve improvement of their physical symptoms and a decrease in associated psychological distress. Conclusion: PGAD is an uncommon and highly distressing condition that requires thoughtful evaluation for appropriate diagnosis and treatment. Multidisciplinary treatment approaches provide the best opportunity to address the needs of patients and optimizing treatment response. Pease ER, Ziegelmann M, Vencill JA, et al. Persistent Genital Arousal Disorder (PGAD): A Clinical Review and Case Series in Support of Multidisciplinary Management. Sex Med Rev 2022;10:53–70.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-70
Number of pages18
JournalSexual Medicine Reviews
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Genital Arousal
  • PGAD
  • Sexual Disorder
  • Sexual Function
  • Sexual Health
  • Sexual Medicine
  • Somatic Symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Endocrinology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Urology

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