Permeabilization and recovery of the stratum corneum in vivo: The synergy of photomechanical waves and sodium lauryl sulfate

Shun Lee, Daniel J. McAuliffe, Nikiforos Kollias, Thomas J. Flotte, Apostolos G. Doukas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Objective: Photomechanical waves render the stratum corneum permeable and allow macromolecules to diffuse into the epidermis and dermis. The aim of this study was to investigate the combined action of photomechanical waves and sodium lauryl sulfate, an anionic surfactant, for transdermal delivery. Study Design/Materials and Methods: A single photo-mechanical wave was applied to the skin of rats in the presence of sodium lauryl sulfate. The sodium lauryl sulfate solution was removed and aqueous solutions of rhodamine-B dextran (40 kDa molecular weight) were applied to the skin at time points 2, 30, and 60 minutes post-exposure. The presence of rhodamine-B dextran in the skin was measured by fluorescence emission spectroscopy in vivo and fluorescence microscopy of frozen biopsies. Results: The use of sodium lauryl sulfate delayed the recovery of the stratum corneum barrier and extended the time available for the diffusion of dextran through it. Conclusion: The combination of photomechanical waves and surfactants can enhance transdermal drug delivery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-150
Number of pages6
JournalLasers in Surgery and Medicine
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 12 2001

Keywords

  • Drug delivery
  • Shock waves
  • Sodium lauryl sulfate
  • Stratum corneum barrier
  • Transdermal delivery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Dermatology

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