Peripheral blood absolute lymphocyte/monocyte ratio recovery during ABVD treatment cycles predicts clinical outcomes in classical Hodgkin lymphoma

L. F. Porrata, K. M. Ristow, T. M. Habermann, W. R. Macon, T. E. Witzig, J. P. Colgan, D. J. Inwards, S. M. Ansell, I. N. Micallef, P. B. Johnston, G. Nowakowski, C. A. Thompson, S. N. Markovic

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17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peripheral blood absolute lymphocyte/monocyte ratio recovery during ABVD treatment cycles predicts clinical outcomes in classical Hodgkin lymphoma LF Porrata1, KM Ristow1, TM Habermann1, WR Macon2, TE Witzig1, JP Colgan1, DJ Inwards1, SM Ansell1, IN Micallef1, PB Johnston1, G Nowakowski1, CA Thompson1 and SN Markovic1 The peripheral blood absolute lymphocyte/monocyte count ratio at diagnosis (ALC/AMC-DX) predicts survival in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). However, a limitation of the ALC/AMC-DX is the inability to assess sequentially the host/tumor interaction during treatment. Therefore, we retrospectively examined the ALC/AMC ratio, as a surrogate marker of host immunity (ALC) and tumor microenvironment (AMC), at each adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine and dacarbazine treatment cycle as a predictor for clinical outcomes. From 1990 until 2008, 190 cHL patients were diagnosed, treated and followed at Mayo Clinic Rochester and qualified for the study. The ALC/AMC ratio at each treatment cycle was a predictor for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). An ALC/AMC ratio >1.1 versus ALC/AMC <1.1 during treatment cycles was an independent predictor for OS (hazard ratio (HR)=0.14; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.04-0.40; P<0.0002) and for PFS (HR=0.19; 95% CI: 0.05-0.82; P<0.03). The ALC/AMC ratio during treatment cycles is a predictor for survival and provides a platform to develop therapeutic modalities to manipulate the ALC/AMC ratio during chemotherapy to improve clinical outcomes in cHL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere110
JournalBlood cancer journal
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2013

Keywords

  • ABVD chemotherapy
  • Classical Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Survival ALC/AMC ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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