Peripancreatic fat necrosis worsens acute pancreatitis independent of pancreatic necrosis via unsaturated fatty acids increased in human pancreatic necrosis collections

Pawan Noel, Krutika Patel, Chandra Durgampudi, Ram N. Trivedi, Cristiane De Oliveira, Michael D. Crowell, Rahul Pannala, Kenneth Lee, Randall Brand, Jennifer Chennat, Adam Slivka, Georgios I. Papachristou, Asif Khalid, David C. Whitcomb, James P. DeLany, Rachel A. Cline, Chathur Acharya, Deepthi Jaligama, Faris M. Murad, Dhiraj YadavSarah Navina, Vijay Prem Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and aims Peripancreatic fat necrosis occurs frequently in necrotising pancreatitis. Distinguishing markers from mediators of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is important since targeting mediators may improve outcomes. We evaluated potential agents in human pancreatic necrotic collections (NCs), pseudocysts (PCs) and pancreatic cystic neoplasms and used pancreatic acini, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and an acute pancreatitis (AP) model to determine SAP mediators. Methods We measured acinar and PBMC injury induced by agents increased in NCs and PCs. Outcomes of caerulein pancreatitis were studied in lean rats coadministered interleukin (IL)-1β and keratinocyte chemoattractant/growth-regulated oncogene, triolein alone or with the lipase inhibitor orlistat. Results NCs had higher fatty acids, IL-8 and IL-1β versus other fluids. Lipolysis of unsaturated triglyceride and resulting unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) oleic and linoleic acids induced necro-apoptosis at less than half the concentration in NCs but other agents did not do so at more than two times these concentrations. Cytokine coadministration resulted in higher pancreatic and lung inflammation than caerulein alone, but only triolein coadministration caused peripancreatic fat stranding, higher cytokines, UFAs, multisystem organ failure (MSOF) and mortality in 97% animals, which were prevented by orlistat. Conclusions UFAs, IL-1β and IL-8 are elevated in NCs. However, UFAs generated via peripancreatic fat lipolysis causes worse inflammation and MSOF, converting mild AP to SAP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGut
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Dec 10 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Peripancreatic fat necrosis worsens acute pancreatitis independent of pancreatic necrosis via unsaturated fatty acids increased in human pancreatic necrosis collections'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Noel, P., Patel, K., Durgampudi, C., Trivedi, R. N., De Oliveira, C., Crowell, M. D., Pannala, R., Lee, K., Brand, R., Chennat, J., Slivka, A., Papachristou, G. I., Khalid, A., Whitcomb, D. C., DeLany, J. P., Cline, R. A., Acharya, C., Jaligama, D., Murad, F. M., ... Singh, V. P. (Accepted/In press). Peripancreatic fat necrosis worsens acute pancreatitis independent of pancreatic necrosis via unsaturated fatty acids increased in human pancreatic necrosis collections. Gut. https://doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2014-308043