Pericardial Diseases

Jonathan N. Johnson, Frank Cetta

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The pericardium provides mechanical protection and assists with normal diastolic coupling of the ventricles. Pericarditis arises from various causes, including infectious and inflammatory diseases. Standard treatment options include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications and occasionally steroids. Pericardiocentesis is indicated in children with bacterial pericarditis, tamponade physiology, and immunocompromise. Surgical therapy may be indicated in cases of chronic and recurrent effusions, patients with bacterial pericarditis, and patients with constriction. Echocardiography and cardiac catheterization together play a crucial role in the diagnosis and differentiation of constrictive pericarditis and restrictive cardiomyopathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPediatric Cardiovascular Medicine
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Pages855-870
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9781444335897
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 13 2012

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Keywords

  • Constrictive pericarditis
  • Pericardial effusion
  • Pericardial tamponade
  • Pericarditis
  • Post-periocardiotomy syndrome
  • Restrictive cardiomyopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Johnson, J. N., & Cetta, F. (2012). Pericardial Diseases. In Pediatric Cardiovascular Medicine: Second Edition (pp. 855-870). Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781444398786.ch59