Percutaneous mitral valve replacement using a transvenous, transseptal approach: Transvenous mitral valve replacement

Megan Coylewright, Allison K. Cabalka, Joseph A. Malouf, Jeffrey B. Geske, Peter M. Pollak, Rakesh M. Suri, Charanjit S. Rihal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives The aim of this paper is to describe the feasibility of a novel transcatheter approach for mitral valve replacement using only venous access. Background Failure of mitral valve prostheses necessitating reoperation can represent a high-risk clinical scenario. Although repeat cardiac surgery remains the standard of care for most failed mitral valve operations, nascent transcatheter options are under development for patients at high or extremely risk of surgery. Most often, this is performed via a transapical approach in the operating room, with associated risk of complications as well as extended length of hospital stay. Methods We describe a case series of 4 consecutive patients at high risk of reoperation with degenerative mitral prostheses (bioprosthetic valves or rings) who successfully underwent transvenous, transseptal mitral valve replacement with a commercially available transcatheter heart valve. Results From April to May 2014, 4 consecutive patients underwent transvenous, transseptal mitral valve replacement with a transcatheter heart valve. The mean age was 72 ± 9.9 years, and the average Society of Thoracic Surgeons risk score was 12.5 ± 7.2%. All patients had severe, life-limiting dyspnea. The 4 procedures were successful without intra- or post-procedural complications; echocardiography indicated a well-seated and functioning mitral valve-in-valve or valve-in-ring. Patients were discharged within 2 days after valve replacement with marked improvement in dyspnea. Conclusions We describe an innovative technique of transcatheter mitral valve replacement. This case series demonstrates the feasibility of transcatheter mitral valve replacement using only femoral venous access, with a marked reduction in complications and length of hospital stay compared with transapical access or redo surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)850-857
Number of pages8
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • degenerative mitral prosthesis
  • percutaneous mitral intervention
  • percutaneous mitral repair
  • transcatheter mitral valve replacement
  • transcatheter valve-in-ring procedure
  • transcatheter valve-in-valve procedure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Coylewright, M., Cabalka, A. K., Malouf, J. A., Geske, J. B., Pollak, P. M., Suri, R. M., & Rihal, C. S. (2015). Percutaneous mitral valve replacement using a transvenous, transseptal approach: Transvenous mitral valve replacement. JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions, 8(6), 850-857. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2015.01.028