Percutaneous direct pancreatic duct intervention in management of pancreatic fistulas: a primary treatment or temporizing therapy to prepare for elective surgery

Xi Li, Ricardo Paz-Fumagalli, Weiping Wang, Beau B. Toskich, John A. Stauffer, Gregory T. Frey, J. Mark McKinney, Justin H. Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: This study evaluates preliminary results of image-guided percutaneous direct pancreatic duct intervention in the management of pancreatic fistula after surgery or pancreatitis when initially ineligible for surgical or endoscopic therapy. Methods: Between 2001 and 2018 the medical records of all patients that underwent percutaneous pancreatic duct intervention for radiographically confirmed pancreatic fistula initially ineligible for surgical or endoscopic repair were reviewed for demographics, clinical history, procedure details, adverse events, procedure related imaging and laboratory results, ability to directly catheterized the main pancreatic duct, and whether desired clinical objectives were met. Results: In 10 of 11patients (6 male and 5 female with mean age 60.5, range 39–89) percutaneous pancreatic duct cannulation was possible. The 10 duct interventions included direct ductal suction drainage in 7, percutaneous duct closure in 3 and stent placement in 1. Pancreatic fistulas closed in 7 of 10, 2 were temporized until elective surgery, and 1 palliated until death from malignancy. The single patient with failed duct cannulation resolved the fistula with prolonged catheter drainage of the peri-pancreatic cavity. There were no major adverse events related to intervention. Conclusion: In patients with pancreatic fistulas initially ineligible for endoscopic therapy or elective surgery, direct percutaneous pancreatic duct interventions are possible, can achieve improvement without major morbidity or mortality, and can improve and maintain the medical condition of patients in preparation for definitive surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number44
JournalBMC Gastroenterology
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Pancreas
  • Postoperative complications
  • Stent
  • Suction drainage
  • Therapeutic embolization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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