Percutaneous coronary intervention in the current era compared with 1985-1986: The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Registries

David O. Williams, Richard Holubkov, Wanlin Yeh, Martial G. Bourassa, Mahdi Al-Bassam, Peter C. Block, Paul Coady, Howard Cohen, Michael Cowley, Gerald Dorros, David Faxon, David R. Holmes, Alice Jacobs, Sheryl F. Kelsey, Spencer B. King, Richard Myler, James Slater, Vladimir Stanek, Helen A. Vlachos, Katherine M. Detre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

268 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background - Although refinements have occurred in coronary angioplasty over the past decade, little is known about whether these changes have affected outcomes. Methods and Results - Baseline features and in-hospital and 1-year outcomes of 1559 consecutive patients in the 1997-1998 Dynamic Registry who were having first coronary intervention were compared with 2431 patients in the 1985-1986 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Registry. Compared with patients in the 1985-1986 Registry, Dynamic Registry patients were older (mean age, 62 versus 58 years; P<0.001) and more often female (32.1% versus 25.5%; P<0.001). In the Dynamic Registry, procedures were more often performed for acute myocardial infarction (22.9% versus 9.9%; P<0.001) and treated lesions were more severe (84.5% versus 82.5% diameter reduction; P<0.001), thrombotic (22.1% versus 11.3%; P<0.001) or calcified (29.5% versus 10.8%; P<0.001). Stents were used in 70.5% of Dynamic Registry patients, whereas 1985-1986 patients received balloon angioplasty alone. Procedural success was higher in the Dynamic Registry (92.0% versus 81.8%; P<0.001) and the rate of in-hospital death, myocardial infarction, and emergency coronary bypass surgery combined was lower (4.9% versus 7.9%; P=0.001) than in the 1985-1986 Registry. The 1-year rate for CABG was lower in the Dynamic Registry (6.9% versus 12.6%; P<0.001). Conclusions - Although Dynamic Registry patients had more unstable and complex coronary disease than those in the 1985-1986 Registry, their rate of procedural success was higher Whereas rates of complications and subsequent CABG were lower. Results of percutaneous coronary intervention have improved substantially over the past decade.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2945-2951
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation
Volume102
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 12 2000

Keywords

  • Angioplasty
  • Arteries
  • Balloon
  • Coronary disease
  • Stents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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