Background - Although refinements have occurred in coronary angioplasty over the past decade, little is known about whether these changes have affected outcomes. Methods and Results - Baseline features and in-hospital and 1-year outcomes of 1559 consecutive patients in the 1997-1998 Dynamic Registry who were having first coronary intervention were compared with 2431 patients in the 1985-1986 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Registry. Compared with patients in the 1985-1986 Registry, Dynamic Registry patients were older (mean age, 62 versus 58 years; P<0.001) and more often female (32.1% versus 25.5%; P<0.001). In the Dynamic Registry, procedures were more often performed for acute myocardial infarction (22.9% versus 9.9%; P<0.001) and treated lesions were more severe (84.5% versus 82.5% diameter reduction; P<0.001), thrombotic (22.1% versus 11.3%; P<0.001) or calcified (29.5% versus 10.8%; P<0.001). Stents were used in 70.5% of Dynamic Registry patients, whereas 1985-1986 patients received balloon angioplasty alone. Procedural success was higher in the Dynamic Registry (92.0% versus 81.8%; P<0.001) and the rate of in-hospital death, myocardial infarction, and emergency coronary bypass surgery combined was lower (4.9% versus 7.9%; P=0.001) than in the 1985-1986 Registry. The 1-year rate for CABG was lower in the Dynamic Registry (6.9% versus 12.6%; P<0.001). Conclusions - Although Dynamic Registry patients had more unstable and complex coronary disease than those in the 1985-1986 Registry, their rate of procedural success was higher Whereas rates of complications and subsequent CABG were lower. Results of percutaneous coronary intervention have improved substantially over the past decade.
- Coronary disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)