Percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy in the United States: A 13-year perspective

Apurva O. Badheka, Nileshkumar J. Patel, Vikas Singh, Neeraj Shah, Ankit Chothani, Kathan Mehta, Abhishek Deshmukh, Abhijit Ghatak, Ankit Rathod, Harit Desai, Ghanshyambhai T. Savani, Peeyush Grover, Nilay Patel, Shilpkumar Arora, Cindy L. Grines, Theodore Schreiber, Raj Makkar, Charanjit S. Rihal, Mauricio G. Cohen, Eduardo De MarchenaWilliam W. O'Neill

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background We determined the contemporary trends of percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy and its outcomes using the nation's largest hospitalization database. There has been a resurgence in the use of percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy in patients at high surgical risk because of the development of less-invasive endovascular therapies. Methods This is a cross-sectional study with time trends using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database between the years 1998 and 2010. We identified patients using the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification procedure code for valvotomy. Only patients aged more than 60 years with aortic stenosis were included. Primary outcome included in-hospital mortality, and secondary outcomes included procedural complications and length of hospital stay. Results A total of 2127 percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomies (weighted n = 10,640) were analyzed. The use rate of percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy increased by 158% from 12 percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomies per million elderly patients in 1998-1999 to 31 percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomies per million elderly patients in 2009-2010 in the United States (P <.001). The hospital mortality decreased by 23% from 11.5% in 1998-1999 to 8.8% in 2009-2010 (P <.001). Significant predictors of in-hospital mortality were the presence of increasing comorbidities (P =.03), unstable patient (P <.001), any complication (P <.001), and weekend admission (P =.008), whereas increasing operator volume was associated with significantly reduced mortality (P =.03). Patients who were admitted to hospitals with the highest procedure volume and the highest volume operators had a 51% reduced likelihood (P =.05) of in-hospital mortality when compared with those in hospitals with the lowest procedure volume and lowest volume operators. Conclusion This study comprehensively evaluates trends for percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy in the United States and demonstrates the significance of operator and hospital volume on outcomes

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Medicine
Volume127
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Balloon Valvuloplasty
Hospital Mortality
Length of Stay
Databases
Aortic Valve Stenosis
International Classification of Diseases
Comorbidity
Inpatients
Hospitalization
Cross-Sectional Studies
Mortality

Keywords

  • Complications
  • Hospital stay
  • Mortality
  • Percutaneous balloon aortic valvotomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Badheka, A. O., Patel, N. J., Singh, V., Shah, N., Chothani, A., Mehta, K., ... O'Neill, W. W. (2014). Percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy in the United States: A 13-year perspective. American Journal of Medicine, 127(8). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2014.02.025

Percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy in the United States : A 13-year perspective. / Badheka, Apurva O.; Patel, Nileshkumar J.; Singh, Vikas; Shah, Neeraj; Chothani, Ankit; Mehta, Kathan; Deshmukh, Abhishek; Ghatak, Abhijit; Rathod, Ankit; Desai, Harit; Savani, Ghanshyambhai T.; Grover, Peeyush; Patel, Nilay; Arora, Shilpkumar; Grines, Cindy L.; Schreiber, Theodore; Makkar, Raj; Rihal, Charanjit S.; Cohen, Mauricio G.; De Marchena, Eduardo; O'Neill, William W.

In: American Journal of Medicine, Vol. 127, No. 8, 2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Badheka, AO, Patel, NJ, Singh, V, Shah, N, Chothani, A, Mehta, K, Deshmukh, A, Ghatak, A, Rathod, A, Desai, H, Savani, GT, Grover, P, Patel, N, Arora, S, Grines, CL, Schreiber, T, Makkar, R, Rihal, CS, Cohen, MG, De Marchena, E & O'Neill, WW 2014, 'Percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy in the United States: A 13-year perspective', American Journal of Medicine, vol. 127, no. 8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2014.02.025
Badheka, Apurva O. ; Patel, Nileshkumar J. ; Singh, Vikas ; Shah, Neeraj ; Chothani, Ankit ; Mehta, Kathan ; Deshmukh, Abhishek ; Ghatak, Abhijit ; Rathod, Ankit ; Desai, Harit ; Savani, Ghanshyambhai T. ; Grover, Peeyush ; Patel, Nilay ; Arora, Shilpkumar ; Grines, Cindy L. ; Schreiber, Theodore ; Makkar, Raj ; Rihal, Charanjit S. ; Cohen, Mauricio G. ; De Marchena, Eduardo ; O'Neill, William W. / Percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy in the United States : A 13-year perspective. In: American Journal of Medicine. 2014 ; Vol. 127, No. 8.
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abstract = "Background We determined the contemporary trends of percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy and its outcomes using the nation's largest hospitalization database. There has been a resurgence in the use of percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy in patients at high surgical risk because of the development of less-invasive endovascular therapies. Methods This is a cross-sectional study with time trends using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database between the years 1998 and 2010. We identified patients using the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification procedure code for valvotomy. Only patients aged more than 60 years with aortic stenosis were included. Primary outcome included in-hospital mortality, and secondary outcomes included procedural complications and length of hospital stay. Results A total of 2127 percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomies (weighted n = 10,640) were analyzed. The use rate of percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy increased by 158{\%} from 12 percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomies per million elderly patients in 1998-1999 to 31 percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomies per million elderly patients in 2009-2010 in the United States (P <.001). The hospital mortality decreased by 23{\%} from 11.5{\%} in 1998-1999 to 8.8{\%} in 2009-2010 (P <.001). Significant predictors of in-hospital mortality were the presence of increasing comorbidities (P =.03), unstable patient (P <.001), any complication (P <.001), and weekend admission (P =.008), whereas increasing operator volume was associated with significantly reduced mortality (P =.03). Patients who were admitted to hospitals with the highest procedure volume and the highest volume operators had a 51{\%} reduced likelihood (P =.05) of in-hospital mortality when compared with those in hospitals with the lowest procedure volume and lowest volume operators. Conclusion This study comprehensively evaluates trends for percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy in the United States and demonstrates the significance of operator and hospital volume on outcomes",
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T1 - Percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy in the United States

T2 - A 13-year perspective

AU - Badheka, Apurva O.

AU - Patel, Nileshkumar J.

AU - Singh, Vikas

AU - Shah, Neeraj

AU - Chothani, Ankit

AU - Mehta, Kathan

AU - Deshmukh, Abhishek

AU - Ghatak, Abhijit

AU - Rathod, Ankit

AU - Desai, Harit

AU - Savani, Ghanshyambhai T.

AU - Grover, Peeyush

AU - Patel, Nilay

AU - Arora, Shilpkumar

AU - Grines, Cindy L.

AU - Schreiber, Theodore

AU - Makkar, Raj

AU - Rihal, Charanjit S.

AU - Cohen, Mauricio G.

AU - De Marchena, Eduardo

AU - O'Neill, William W.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Background We determined the contemporary trends of percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy and its outcomes using the nation's largest hospitalization database. There has been a resurgence in the use of percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy in patients at high surgical risk because of the development of less-invasive endovascular therapies. Methods This is a cross-sectional study with time trends using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database between the years 1998 and 2010. We identified patients using the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification procedure code for valvotomy. Only patients aged more than 60 years with aortic stenosis were included. Primary outcome included in-hospital mortality, and secondary outcomes included procedural complications and length of hospital stay. Results A total of 2127 percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomies (weighted n = 10,640) were analyzed. The use rate of percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy increased by 158% from 12 percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomies per million elderly patients in 1998-1999 to 31 percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomies per million elderly patients in 2009-2010 in the United States (P <.001). The hospital mortality decreased by 23% from 11.5% in 1998-1999 to 8.8% in 2009-2010 (P <.001). Significant predictors of in-hospital mortality were the presence of increasing comorbidities (P =.03), unstable patient (P <.001), any complication (P <.001), and weekend admission (P =.008), whereas increasing operator volume was associated with significantly reduced mortality (P =.03). Patients who were admitted to hospitals with the highest procedure volume and the highest volume operators had a 51% reduced likelihood (P =.05) of in-hospital mortality when compared with those in hospitals with the lowest procedure volume and lowest volume operators. Conclusion This study comprehensively evaluates trends for percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy in the United States and demonstrates the significance of operator and hospital volume on outcomes

AB - Background We determined the contemporary trends of percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy and its outcomes using the nation's largest hospitalization database. There has been a resurgence in the use of percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy in patients at high surgical risk because of the development of less-invasive endovascular therapies. Methods This is a cross-sectional study with time trends using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database between the years 1998 and 2010. We identified patients using the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification procedure code for valvotomy. Only patients aged more than 60 years with aortic stenosis were included. Primary outcome included in-hospital mortality, and secondary outcomes included procedural complications and length of hospital stay. Results A total of 2127 percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomies (weighted n = 10,640) were analyzed. The use rate of percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy increased by 158% from 12 percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomies per million elderly patients in 1998-1999 to 31 percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomies per million elderly patients in 2009-2010 in the United States (P <.001). The hospital mortality decreased by 23% from 11.5% in 1998-1999 to 8.8% in 2009-2010 (P <.001). Significant predictors of in-hospital mortality were the presence of increasing comorbidities (P =.03), unstable patient (P <.001), any complication (P <.001), and weekend admission (P =.008), whereas increasing operator volume was associated with significantly reduced mortality (P =.03). Patients who were admitted to hospitals with the highest procedure volume and the highest volume operators had a 51% reduced likelihood (P =.05) of in-hospital mortality when compared with those in hospitals with the lowest procedure volume and lowest volume operators. Conclusion This study comprehensively evaluates trends for percutaneous aortic balloon valvotomy in the United States and demonstrates the significance of operator and hospital volume on outcomes

KW - Complications

KW - Hospital stay

KW - Mortality

KW - Percutaneous balloon aortic valvotomy

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