Pediatric surgical extracorporeal membrane oxygenation - A case series

Randall P. Flick, Stephen J. Gleich, Andrew C. Hanson, Darrell R. Schroeder, Juraj Sprung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. To review demographic and procedural factors and their association with weaning rate and survival from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in pediatric patients undergoing repair of cardiac malformations. Methods. The hospital records of children requiring ECMO during cardiac operation due to failure to wean from cardiopulmonary by pass (CPB) were retrospectively reviewed, and an analysis of variables affecting survival was performed. Results. Thirty-five pediatric patients between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2006 required ECMO for cardiopulmonary support during cardiac operations. ECMO survival was 54.3% and was comparable across all age groups. The lowest pH during ECMO treatment was the only predictor of mortality (P = 0.006). No other patient, surgical or anesthetic, factor was associated with either weaning from ECMO or hospital survival. Conclusions. No clear risk factor could be identified for survival from ECMO in our pediatric patients who underwent cardiac surgery and failed weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-23
Number of pages6
JournalSigna Vitae
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Keywords

  • Cardiopulmonary bypass
  • Congenital
  • Failure to wean for cardiopulmonary bypass
  • Infants
  • Neonates
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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    Flick, R. P., Gleich, S. J., Hanson, A. C., Schroeder, D. R., & Sprung, J. (2008). Pediatric surgical extracorporeal membrane oxygenation - A case series. Signa Vitae, 3(2), 18-23. https://doi.org/10.22514/SV32.102008.6