Pediatric primary hyperparathyroidism: Surgical pathology and long-term outcomes in sporadic and familial cases

Thomas Szabo Yamashita, Hallbera Gudmundsdottir, Trenton R. Foster, Melanie L. Lyden, Benzon M. Dy, Peter J. Tebben, Travis McKenzie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Primary Hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is rare in pediatric patients. Data regarding surgical outcomes are scarce. Methods: Single-center retrospective review (1994–2020) of patients ≤21 years undergoing surgery for PHPT. Results: 66 patients were identified (61% female, 17 ± 3 years). 71% of patients were symptomatic at diagnosis. 32% of patients had known familial syndromes, most commonly MEN-1. 23% of patients without a known mutation had genetic testing, 22% positive. 56% of the total and 19% of the familial cohort underwent focused exploration. Single gland disease was found in 19% of familial vs 85% of sporadic cases, p < 0.00001. Persistence was 9%, all in the sporadic group, p = 0.11. Recurrence was 15%: 38% in the familial vs 2% in the sporadic groups, p=0.0004. Time to recurrence was 59 months (Q1-38, Q3-95), familial 61 vs 124 months sporadic, p=0.001. Conclusion: Pediatric PHPT is frequently sporadic, although 5% of apparent sporadic cases are secondary to syndromes. Familial cases have higher rates of recurrence, requiring closer follow-up.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Familial hyperparathyroidism
  • Hypercalcemia
  • MEN
  • Pediatric hyperparathyroidism
  • Primary hyperparathyroidism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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