Background: Total proctocolectomy with ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) is a common surgical approach to chronic ulcerative colitis (CUC). Preoperative use of Infliximab (IFX) has raised concern of increased postoperative complications. We sought to compare outcomes of pediatric patients (≤18 years) who were treated with IFX before IPAA to those who did not. Methods: Patients (≤18 years of age) who underwent IPAA from 2003 to 2008 for CUC were included, and their records were retrospectively reviewed for preoperative medications, operative technique, and 1-year postoperative complications (leak, wound infection, small bowel obstruction, pouchitis). Subjects were divided into 2 groups - those who received IFX preoperatively and those who did not. Results: Eleven patients received IFX preoperatively, and 27 children did not. All complications following IPAA were more frequent in the IFX group compared to controls (55% vs 26%). Small bowel obstruction was significantly higher in the IFX group (55% vs 7%). Long-term complications occurred in 64% of the IFX group and 61% of the controls. Conclusion: Children that were treated with IFX prior to IPAA suffered twice as many postoperative complications. Long-term outcomes are similar. Currently, we recommend colectomy with end ileostomy for patients that receive IFX within 8 weeks of colectomy for CUC.
- Chronic ulcerative colitis
- IPAA (ileal anal pouch anastomosis)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health