Patient survival after open and endovascular mesenteric revascularization for chronic mesenteric ischemia

Tiziano Tallarita, Gustavo S. Oderich, Peter Gloviczki, Audra A. Duncan, Manju Kalra, Stephen Cha, Sanjay Misra, Thomas C. Bower

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Abstract

Objective: To evaluate long-term patient survival and causes of death after open (OR) or endovascular (ER) mesenteric revascularization for atherosclerotic chronic mesenteric ischemia using propensity score-matched comparison and clinical risk stratification. Methods: The clinical data of 343 patients treated with mesenteric revascularization for chronic mesenteric ischemia between 1991 and 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical, anatomical, and procedure-related variables were analyzed using a multivariate model to identify independent predictors of any-cause early and late (>30 days) mortality. Cause of death was retrieved from review of the National Death Index. Patient survival was analyzed using Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) comorbidity scores and propensity score-matched comparison based on independent predictors of any-cause mortality. Results: There were 187 patients treated by OR and 156 patients treated by ER. Early procedure-related mortality was 2.6% (9/343), including five OR (2.7%) and four ER (2.6%) patients. Median follow-up was 96 ± 54 months (range, 1-168 months). There were 144 late deaths, most commonly from cardiac causes in 35% (51/144), followed by cancer in 15% (21/144), pulmonary complications in 13% (19/144), and mesenteric ischemia in 11% (16/144). A further 21 patients died from various identifiable causes, and 14 patients (10%) died of unknown causes. Overall, 25 patients (7.3%) died of mesenteric-related causes, including nine early and 16 late deaths (OR, 10/187; 8.0%, and ER, 6/156; 6.4%). Multivariate analysis identified age >80, diabetes, chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage IV or V, and home oxygen therapy as independent predictors (P <.05) of any cause of death. Diabetes and CKD stage IV or V were independently associated with mesenteric-related death (P <.05). Late patient survival at 5 years in the OR and ER groups was 75% ± 4% and 60% ± 9% for low SVS risk (<9), 52% ± 8% and 43% ± 9% for intermediate SVS risk (9-16), and 67% ± 15% and 30% ± 8% for high SVS risk (>16). Using propensity matched scores, 5-year survival was nearly identical for patients treated by OR (60%) or ER (57%; P =.7). Conclusions: Long-term patient survival after mesenteric revascularization was not influenced by type of arterial reconstruction. Age >80 years, diabetes, CKD stage IV or V, and home oxygen were independent predictors of any-cause mortality. Diabetes and CKD stage IV or V were independently associated with mesenteric-related death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)747-755
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of vascular surgery
Volume57
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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