Patient personality and mortality: A 4-year prospective examination of chronic renal insufficiency

Alan J. Christensen, Shawna L. Ehlers, John S. Wiebe, Patricia J. Moran, Katherine Raichle, Karin Ferneyhough, William J. Lawton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

99 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study examined the role of personality as a predictor of mortality among patients with chronic renal insufficiency. A prospective evaluation of the influence of personality on patient survival was conducted over an average 49-month period. Cox regression was used to evaluate the effects of 5 dimensions of personality in a sample of 174 patients (100 male and 74 female). At follow-up, 49 patients had died. Significant demographic and clinical predictors of survival included age, diabetic status, and hemoglobin level. After these predictors were controlled for, 2 personality traits, conscientiousness and neuroticism, predicted patient mortality. Patients with high neuroticism scores had a 37.5% higher estimated mortality rate. Patients with low conscientiousness scores had a 36.4% increased mortality rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-320
Number of pages6
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2 2002

Keywords

  • Chronic renal insufficiency
  • Five-factor model
  • Patient mortality
  • Personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Christensen, A. J., Ehlers, S. L., Wiebe, J. S., Moran, P. J., Raichle, K., Ferneyhough, K., & Lawton, W. J. (2002). Patient personality and mortality: A 4-year prospective examination of chronic renal insufficiency. Health Psychology, 21(4), 315-320. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-6133.21.4.315