Patient-oriented education and visual-aid intervention are inadequate to identify patients with potential capsule retention: a prospective randomized study

Badr Al-Bawardy, Amrit K. Kamboj, Shiv Desai, Emmanuel Gorospe, David H Bruining, Christopher J. Gostout, Stephanie L. Hansel, Mark V. Larson, Joseph A Murray, Vandana Nehra, Cadman Leggett, Lawrence Szarka, Robert E. Watson, Elizabeth Rajan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background/aims: The key procedure-related risk with video capsule endoscopy (VCE) is capsule retention, which should be suspected in patients who have not reported capsule passage. The study aims were to determine the frequency of capsule passage visualization and the difference in self-reporting of capsule passage between patients who receive patient-oriented education (POE) and patients who receive POE and a visual aid intervention in the form of a wrist band (WB). Methods: This was a prospective randomized study that enrolled patients undergoing VCE. Patients were randomly assigned to a POE group versus a POE and WB group. POE consisted of verbal education and an information booklet. Both groups received instructions to notify the study team regarding capsule passage. Results: Sixty patients (mean age 57 ± 18 years; 61% female) were included. A total of 57 patients were included in the analysis (3 lost to follow-up; 28 in POE group; 29 in WB group). Capsule passage status was reported by 68% without significant difference between POE and WB groups (72% vs. 64%; p =.51). Capsule passage status was obtained from all 57 patients with the addition of a proactive follow-up. Only 56% (n = 32) reported visualizing capsule passage. Of the remaining patients who did not visualize capsule passage, 60% (n = 15) reported on this without significant difference between the POE and WB groups (p =.23). Conclusions: Lack of visualization of capsule passage is a poor indicator of retention. Self-reporting of VCE passage status is suboptimal and the addition of a visual aid did not improve this parameter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019



  • Capsule endoscopy
  • capsule retention
  • patient education
  • visual aid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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