Partial meniscectomy provides no benefit for symptomatic degenerative medial meniscus posterior root tears

Aaron Krych, Nick R. Johnson, Rohith Mohan, Diane L. Dahm, Bruce A Levy, Michael J. Stuart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Medial meniscus posterior root tears (MMPRTs) are recognized as a source of pain and dysfunction, but treatment options remain a challenge. The purpose of the study was to determine (1) the efficacy of partial meniscectomy to treat MMPRTs compared to a matched group of non-operatively treated MMPRTs, and (2) risk factors for worse clinical and radiographic outcome. Methods: This retrospective comparative study was performed to include patients with complete, isolated MMPRTs with documented clinical symptoms and were treated with arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (PMM) and a minimum 2-year follow-up. These patients were then matched by age, gender, and BMI to patients with the same diagnosis who were treated non-operatively. Clinical and radiographic outcomes were compared between the two groups. Analysis was performed to determine risk factors for worse clinical and radiographic outcome in the PMM group alone. Results: Overall, 52 patients were included in the study. Twenty-six patients (9M:17F) with a mean age of 55 ± 9 and a mean BMI of 32.8 ± 5.3 were treated with PMM and followed for 5.5 ± 2.0 years (range 2.3–9.3 years). In the PMM group, final median Tegner score was 3, mean IKDC score was 67.8 ± 20, and more patients had grade II or higher arthritis at final follow-up than baseline (91.3 vs. 36%, p < 0.01). Overall, 14 of the 26 patients (54%) treated operatively progressed to total knee arthroplasty at a mean of 54.3 months. There was no significant difference in final Tegner scores, IKDC, K-L grades, progression to arthroplasty, or overall failure rate between the PMM group and non-operative group. Following PMM, female patients had lower final IKDC scores (44.0 ± 2.8 vs. 74.6 ± 16.7, p = 0.02) compared to males, as well as a higher rate of arthroplasty (70.6 vs. 20.0%, p = 0.009). Higher BMI correlated with lower IKDC scores (r = −0.91, p = 0.01) and meniscal extrusion was associated with higher rate of arthritis at final follow-up (p = 0.02). Conclusion: Partial meniscectomy for a complete MMPRT provides no benefit in halting arthritic progression. Patients who undergo PMM for MMPRTs still progress to significant arthritis, poor clinical outcomes and a high arthroplasty rate (54%) at over 5-year follow-up. Female gender, increased BMI, and meniscus extrusion were associated with worse outcome. Study design: Level III.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Feb 9 2017

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Tibial Meniscus
Tears
Arthritis
Arthroplasty
Knee Replacement Arthroplasties
Research Design
Retrospective Studies
Pain

Keywords

  • Arthritis
  • Matched cohort
  • Medial meniscus posterior root tear
  • Meniscectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Partial meniscectomy provides no benefit for symptomatic degenerative medial meniscus posterior root tears. / Krych, Aaron; Johnson, Nick R.; Mohan, Rohith; Dahm, Diane L.; Levy, Bruce A; Stuart, Michael J.

In: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 09.02.2017, p. 1-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Partial meniscectomy provides no benefit for symptomatic degenerative medial meniscus posterior root tears",
abstract = "Purpose: Medial meniscus posterior root tears (MMPRTs) are recognized as a source of pain and dysfunction, but treatment options remain a challenge. The purpose of the study was to determine (1) the efficacy of partial meniscectomy to treat MMPRTs compared to a matched group of non-operatively treated MMPRTs, and (2) risk factors for worse clinical and radiographic outcome. Methods: This retrospective comparative study was performed to include patients with complete, isolated MMPRTs with documented clinical symptoms and were treated with arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (PMM) and a minimum 2-year follow-up. These patients were then matched by age, gender, and BMI to patients with the same diagnosis who were treated non-operatively. Clinical and radiographic outcomes were compared between the two groups. Analysis was performed to determine risk factors for worse clinical and radiographic outcome in the PMM group alone. Results: Overall, 52 patients were included in the study. Twenty-six patients (9M:17F) with a mean age of 55 ± 9 and a mean BMI of 32.8 ± 5.3 were treated with PMM and followed for 5.5 ± 2.0 years (range 2.3–9.3 years). In the PMM group, final median Tegner score was 3, mean IKDC score was 67.8 ± 20, and more patients had grade II or higher arthritis at final follow-up than baseline (91.3 vs. 36{\%}, p < 0.01). Overall, 14 of the 26 patients (54{\%}) treated operatively progressed to total knee arthroplasty at a mean of 54.3 months. There was no significant difference in final Tegner scores, IKDC, K-L grades, progression to arthroplasty, or overall failure rate between the PMM group and non-operative group. Following PMM, female patients had lower final IKDC scores (44.0 ± 2.8 vs. 74.6 ± 16.7, p = 0.02) compared to males, as well as a higher rate of arthroplasty (70.6 vs. 20.0{\%}, p = 0.009). Higher BMI correlated with lower IKDC scores (r = −0.91, p = 0.01) and meniscal extrusion was associated with higher rate of arthritis at final follow-up (p = 0.02). Conclusion: Partial meniscectomy for a complete MMPRT provides no benefit in halting arthritic progression. Patients who undergo PMM for MMPRTs still progress to significant arthritis, poor clinical outcomes and a high arthroplasty rate (54{\%}) at over 5-year follow-up. Female gender, increased BMI, and meniscus extrusion were associated with worse outcome. Study design: Level III.",
keywords = "Arthritis, Matched cohort, Medial meniscus posterior root tear, Meniscectomy",
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T1 - Partial meniscectomy provides no benefit for symptomatic degenerative medial meniscus posterior root tears

AU - Krych, Aaron

AU - Johnson, Nick R.

AU - Mohan, Rohith

AU - Dahm, Diane L.

AU - Levy, Bruce A

AU - Stuart, Michael J.

PY - 2017/2/9

Y1 - 2017/2/9

N2 - Purpose: Medial meniscus posterior root tears (MMPRTs) are recognized as a source of pain and dysfunction, but treatment options remain a challenge. The purpose of the study was to determine (1) the efficacy of partial meniscectomy to treat MMPRTs compared to a matched group of non-operatively treated MMPRTs, and (2) risk factors for worse clinical and radiographic outcome. Methods: This retrospective comparative study was performed to include patients with complete, isolated MMPRTs with documented clinical symptoms and were treated with arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (PMM) and a minimum 2-year follow-up. These patients were then matched by age, gender, and BMI to patients with the same diagnosis who were treated non-operatively. Clinical and radiographic outcomes were compared between the two groups. Analysis was performed to determine risk factors for worse clinical and radiographic outcome in the PMM group alone. Results: Overall, 52 patients were included in the study. Twenty-six patients (9M:17F) with a mean age of 55 ± 9 and a mean BMI of 32.8 ± 5.3 were treated with PMM and followed for 5.5 ± 2.0 years (range 2.3–9.3 years). In the PMM group, final median Tegner score was 3, mean IKDC score was 67.8 ± 20, and more patients had grade II or higher arthritis at final follow-up than baseline (91.3 vs. 36%, p < 0.01). Overall, 14 of the 26 patients (54%) treated operatively progressed to total knee arthroplasty at a mean of 54.3 months. There was no significant difference in final Tegner scores, IKDC, K-L grades, progression to arthroplasty, or overall failure rate between the PMM group and non-operative group. Following PMM, female patients had lower final IKDC scores (44.0 ± 2.8 vs. 74.6 ± 16.7, p = 0.02) compared to males, as well as a higher rate of arthroplasty (70.6 vs. 20.0%, p = 0.009). Higher BMI correlated with lower IKDC scores (r = −0.91, p = 0.01) and meniscal extrusion was associated with higher rate of arthritis at final follow-up (p = 0.02). Conclusion: Partial meniscectomy for a complete MMPRT provides no benefit in halting arthritic progression. Patients who undergo PMM for MMPRTs still progress to significant arthritis, poor clinical outcomes and a high arthroplasty rate (54%) at over 5-year follow-up. Female gender, increased BMI, and meniscus extrusion were associated with worse outcome. Study design: Level III.

AB - Purpose: Medial meniscus posterior root tears (MMPRTs) are recognized as a source of pain and dysfunction, but treatment options remain a challenge. The purpose of the study was to determine (1) the efficacy of partial meniscectomy to treat MMPRTs compared to a matched group of non-operatively treated MMPRTs, and (2) risk factors for worse clinical and radiographic outcome. Methods: This retrospective comparative study was performed to include patients with complete, isolated MMPRTs with documented clinical symptoms and were treated with arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (PMM) and a minimum 2-year follow-up. These patients were then matched by age, gender, and BMI to patients with the same diagnosis who were treated non-operatively. Clinical and radiographic outcomes were compared between the two groups. Analysis was performed to determine risk factors for worse clinical and radiographic outcome in the PMM group alone. Results: Overall, 52 patients were included in the study. Twenty-six patients (9M:17F) with a mean age of 55 ± 9 and a mean BMI of 32.8 ± 5.3 were treated with PMM and followed for 5.5 ± 2.0 years (range 2.3–9.3 years). In the PMM group, final median Tegner score was 3, mean IKDC score was 67.8 ± 20, and more patients had grade II or higher arthritis at final follow-up than baseline (91.3 vs. 36%, p < 0.01). Overall, 14 of the 26 patients (54%) treated operatively progressed to total knee arthroplasty at a mean of 54.3 months. There was no significant difference in final Tegner scores, IKDC, K-L grades, progression to arthroplasty, or overall failure rate between the PMM group and non-operative group. Following PMM, female patients had lower final IKDC scores (44.0 ± 2.8 vs. 74.6 ± 16.7, p = 0.02) compared to males, as well as a higher rate of arthroplasty (70.6 vs. 20.0%, p = 0.009). Higher BMI correlated with lower IKDC scores (r = −0.91, p = 0.01) and meniscal extrusion was associated with higher rate of arthritis at final follow-up (p = 0.02). Conclusion: Partial meniscectomy for a complete MMPRT provides no benefit in halting arthritic progression. Patients who undergo PMM for MMPRTs still progress to significant arthritis, poor clinical outcomes and a high arthroplasty rate (54%) at over 5-year follow-up. Female gender, increased BMI, and meniscus extrusion were associated with worse outcome. Study design: Level III.

KW - Arthritis

KW - Matched cohort

KW - Medial meniscus posterior root tear

KW - Meniscectomy

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