Partial fourier shells trajectory for non-cartesian MRI

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Abstract

Non-Cartesian MRI acquisition has demonstrated various advantages in many clinical applications. The shells trajectory is a 3D non-Cartesian MRI acquisition technique that samples the k-space using a series of concentric shells to achieve efficient 3D isotropic acquisition. Partial Fourier acquisition is an acceleration technique that is widely used in Cartesian MRI. It exploits the conjugate symmetry of k-space measurement to reduce the number of k-space samples compared to full-k-space acquisition, without loss of spatial resolution. For a Cartesian MRI acquisition, the direction of partial Fourier acceleration is aligned either with the phase encoded or frequency encoded direction. In those cases, the underlying image matrix can be reconstructed from the undersampled k-space data using a non-iterative, homodyne reconstruction framework. However, designing a non-Cartesian acquisition trajectory that is compatible with non-iterative homodyne reconstruction is not nearly as straightforward as in the Cartesian case. One reason is the non-iterative homodyne reconstruction requires (slightly over) half of the k-space to be fully sampled. Since the direction of partial Fourier acceleration varies throughout the acquisition in the non-Cartesian trajectory, directly applying the same partial Fourier acquisition pattern (as in Cartesian acquisitions) to a non-Cartesian trajectory does not necessarily yield a continuous, physically-achievable trajectory. In this work, we develop an asymmetric shells trajectory with fully-automated trajectory and gradient waveform design to achieve partial Fourier acquisition for the shells trajectory. We then demonstrate a non-iterative image reconstruction framework for the proposed trajectory. Phantom and in vivo brain scans based on spoiled gradient echo (SPGR) shells and magnetization-prepared shells (MP-shells) were performed to test the proposed trajectory design and reconstruction method. Our phantom and in vivo results demonstrate that the proposed partial Fourier shells trajectory maintains the desirable image contrast and high sampling efficiency from the fully sampled shells, while further reducing data acquisition time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPhysics in medicine and biology
Volume64
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 6 2019

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Computer-Assisted Image Processing
Brain
Direction compound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

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title = "Partial fourier shells trajectory for non-cartesian MRI",
abstract = "Non-Cartesian MRI acquisition has demonstrated various advantages in many clinical applications. The shells trajectory is a 3D non-Cartesian MRI acquisition technique that samples the k-space using a series of concentric shells to achieve efficient 3D isotropic acquisition. Partial Fourier acquisition is an acceleration technique that is widely used in Cartesian MRI. It exploits the conjugate symmetry of k-space measurement to reduce the number of k-space samples compared to full-k-space acquisition, without loss of spatial resolution. For a Cartesian MRI acquisition, the direction of partial Fourier acceleration is aligned either with the phase encoded or frequency encoded direction. In those cases, the underlying image matrix can be reconstructed from the undersampled k-space data using a non-iterative, homodyne reconstruction framework. However, designing a non-Cartesian acquisition trajectory that is compatible with non-iterative homodyne reconstruction is not nearly as straightforward as in the Cartesian case. One reason is the non-iterative homodyne reconstruction requires (slightly over) half of the k-space to be fully sampled. Since the direction of partial Fourier acceleration varies throughout the acquisition in the non-Cartesian trajectory, directly applying the same partial Fourier acquisition pattern (as in Cartesian acquisitions) to a non-Cartesian trajectory does not necessarily yield a continuous, physically-achievable trajectory. In this work, we develop an asymmetric shells trajectory with fully-automated trajectory and gradient waveform design to achieve partial Fourier acquisition for the shells trajectory. We then demonstrate a non-iterative image reconstruction framework for the proposed trajectory. Phantom and in vivo brain scans based on spoiled gradient echo (SPGR) shells and magnetization-prepared shells (MP-shells) were performed to test the proposed trajectory design and reconstruction method. Our phantom and in vivo results demonstrate that the proposed partial Fourier shells trajectory maintains the desirable image contrast and high sampling efficiency from the fully sampled shells, while further reducing data acquisition time.",
author = "Shengzhen Tao and Yunhong Shu and Trazasko, {Joshua D} and Huston, {John III} and Bernstein, {Matthew A}",
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AU - Tao, Shengzhen

AU - Shu, Yunhong

AU - Trazasko, Joshua D

AU - Huston, John III

AU - Bernstein, Matthew A

PY - 2019/2/6

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N2 - Non-Cartesian MRI acquisition has demonstrated various advantages in many clinical applications. The shells trajectory is a 3D non-Cartesian MRI acquisition technique that samples the k-space using a series of concentric shells to achieve efficient 3D isotropic acquisition. Partial Fourier acquisition is an acceleration technique that is widely used in Cartesian MRI. It exploits the conjugate symmetry of k-space measurement to reduce the number of k-space samples compared to full-k-space acquisition, without loss of spatial resolution. For a Cartesian MRI acquisition, the direction of partial Fourier acceleration is aligned either with the phase encoded or frequency encoded direction. In those cases, the underlying image matrix can be reconstructed from the undersampled k-space data using a non-iterative, homodyne reconstruction framework. However, designing a non-Cartesian acquisition trajectory that is compatible with non-iterative homodyne reconstruction is not nearly as straightforward as in the Cartesian case. One reason is the non-iterative homodyne reconstruction requires (slightly over) half of the k-space to be fully sampled. Since the direction of partial Fourier acceleration varies throughout the acquisition in the non-Cartesian trajectory, directly applying the same partial Fourier acquisition pattern (as in Cartesian acquisitions) to a non-Cartesian trajectory does not necessarily yield a continuous, physically-achievable trajectory. In this work, we develop an asymmetric shells trajectory with fully-automated trajectory and gradient waveform design to achieve partial Fourier acquisition for the shells trajectory. We then demonstrate a non-iterative image reconstruction framework for the proposed trajectory. Phantom and in vivo brain scans based on spoiled gradient echo (SPGR) shells and magnetization-prepared shells (MP-shells) were performed to test the proposed trajectory design and reconstruction method. Our phantom and in vivo results demonstrate that the proposed partial Fourier shells trajectory maintains the desirable image contrast and high sampling efficiency from the fully sampled shells, while further reducing data acquisition time.

AB - Non-Cartesian MRI acquisition has demonstrated various advantages in many clinical applications. The shells trajectory is a 3D non-Cartesian MRI acquisition technique that samples the k-space using a series of concentric shells to achieve efficient 3D isotropic acquisition. Partial Fourier acquisition is an acceleration technique that is widely used in Cartesian MRI. It exploits the conjugate symmetry of k-space measurement to reduce the number of k-space samples compared to full-k-space acquisition, without loss of spatial resolution. For a Cartesian MRI acquisition, the direction of partial Fourier acceleration is aligned either with the phase encoded or frequency encoded direction. In those cases, the underlying image matrix can be reconstructed from the undersampled k-space data using a non-iterative, homodyne reconstruction framework. However, designing a non-Cartesian acquisition trajectory that is compatible with non-iterative homodyne reconstruction is not nearly as straightforward as in the Cartesian case. One reason is the non-iterative homodyne reconstruction requires (slightly over) half of the k-space to be fully sampled. Since the direction of partial Fourier acceleration varies throughout the acquisition in the non-Cartesian trajectory, directly applying the same partial Fourier acquisition pattern (as in Cartesian acquisitions) to a non-Cartesian trajectory does not necessarily yield a continuous, physically-achievable trajectory. In this work, we develop an asymmetric shells trajectory with fully-automated trajectory and gradient waveform design to achieve partial Fourier acquisition for the shells trajectory. We then demonstrate a non-iterative image reconstruction framework for the proposed trajectory. Phantom and in vivo brain scans based on spoiled gradient echo (SPGR) shells and magnetization-prepared shells (MP-shells) were performed to test the proposed trajectory design and reconstruction method. Our phantom and in vivo results demonstrate that the proposed partial Fourier shells trajectory maintains the desirable image contrast and high sampling efficiency from the fully sampled shells, while further reducing data acquisition time.

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