Gliomas are the most common malignant primary brain tumor in adults. Despite advances in multimodality therapy, incorporating surgery, radiotherapy, systemic therapy, tumor treating fields and supportive care, patient outcomes remain poor, especially in glioblastoma where median survival has remained static at around 15 months, for decades. Low-grade gliomas typically harbor isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutations, grow more slowly and confer a better prognosis than glio-blastoma. However, nearly all gliomas eventually recur and progress in a way similar to glioblas-toma. One of the novel therapies being developed in this area are poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors. PARP inhibitors belong to a class of drugs that target DNA damage repair path-ways. This leads to synthetic lethality of cancer cells with coexisting homologous recombination deficiency. PARP inhibitors may also potentiate the cytotoxic effects of radiotherapy and chemo-therapy, and prime the tumor microenvironment for immunotherapy. In this review, we examine the rationale and clinical evidence for PARP inhibitors in glioma and suggest therapeutic opportu-nities.
- Brain cancer
- DNA damage
- Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research