Parietal Lobe Lesional Epilepsy: Electroclinical Correlation and Operative Outcome

Gregory D. Cascino, Joseph F. Hulihan, Frank W. Sharbrough, Patrick J. Kelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

Summary: We retrospectively studied ictal behavior, extracranial EEG, and operative outcome in 10 consecutive patients with intractable partial epilepsy of presumed parietal lobe origin who received a lesionectomy, i.e., resection of the neuroimaging‐identified abnormality, at the Mayo Clinic. Nine patients had a pathologically verified foreign‐tissue lesion, e.g., tumor or vascular malformation, and 1 patient had gliosis. All patients with foreign‐tissue lesions were rendered seizure‐free. The patient with gliosis experienced a reduction in seizure tendency. There were no operative complications. The most common seizure type was a simple partial seizure with visual, motor, or sensory symptoms (n = 8). Complex partial seizures (n = 5) and secondarily generalized tonic‐clonic seizures (GTC, n = 2) were also observed. The ictal behavior was often nonspecific although useful in identifying lateralization of the epileptogenic zone. Extracranial interictal and ictal EEG changes were unreliable markers of the parietal lobe origin of seizure activity. Lesionectomy without chronic intracranial monitoring or functional mapping may be an effective and safe alternative surgical procedure in patients with partial epilepsy related to parietal lobe lesions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)522-527
Number of pages6
JournalEpilepsia
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1993

Keywords

  • Electroencephalography
  • Neuroimaging
  • Neurosurgery
  • Parietal epilepsy
  • Parietal lobe
  • Stereotaxic surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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