Parenting Behaviors and Childhood Anxiety: A Psychometric Investigation of the EMBU-C

Brennan J. Young, Dustin P. Wallace, Mark Imig, Lonnie Borgerding, Amy M. Brown-Jacobsen, Stephen Perry Whiteside

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Parent rearing behaviors, including both behavioral modeling and parent-child interactions, are associated with anxiety in children. Patterns of overprotection or rejecting behavior from parents may lead children to develop behavioral avoidance, lower self-confidence, and higher symptoms of anxiety. Additional research is needed to further elucidate the role that parenting behavior plays in the development of childhood anxiety. Unfortunately, few measures of parenting behavior exist. The EMBU-C is a 40-item child-report measure of these behaviors, but empirical data supporting the psychometric properties of the EMBU-C are limited. The current investigation examined the psychometric properties of the EMBU-C in the context of childhood anxiety. Participants were 213 children with an anxiety disorder and 150 recruited from the community (all aged 8-13 years). Overall, the EMBU-C demonstrated promising psychometrics. In terms of convergent validity, parent rearing behaviors described on the EMBU-C were significantly related to children's anxiety symptoms, anxiety-related disability, parenting stress, family functioning and children's externalizing behaviors. Further, the overprotection and anxious-rearing subscales discriminated between clinical and community participants. Finally, parental overprotection significantly predicted increases in child anxiety and anxiety-related disability 1 year later. Thus, the EMBU-C appears to have value as a clinical tool for assessing parental factors that may contribute to anxiety in children. Recommendations for further item development and measure improvement are offered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1138-1146
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Child and Family Studies
Volume22
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

Fingerprint

Parenting
Psychometrics
psychometrics
Anxiety
childhood
anxiety
parenting style
parents
disability
Child Behavior
Anxiety Disorders
self-confidence
community
Parents

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Anxiety
  • Children
  • Parental rearing behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

Parenting Behaviors and Childhood Anxiety : A Psychometric Investigation of the EMBU-C. / Young, Brennan J.; Wallace, Dustin P.; Imig, Mark; Borgerding, Lonnie; Brown-Jacobsen, Amy M.; Whiteside, Stephen Perry.

In: Journal of Child and Family Studies, Vol. 22, No. 8, 11.2013, p. 1138-1146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Young, Brennan J. ; Wallace, Dustin P. ; Imig, Mark ; Borgerding, Lonnie ; Brown-Jacobsen, Amy M. ; Whiteside, Stephen Perry. / Parenting Behaviors and Childhood Anxiety : A Psychometric Investigation of the EMBU-C. In: Journal of Child and Family Studies. 2013 ; Vol. 22, No. 8. pp. 1138-1146.
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