Background: This study evaluated bone health outcomes of parathyroidectomy in elderly primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) patients. Methods: A retrospective review was performed of parathyroidectomy patients with pHPT at a single institution from 2010 to 2019. Bone mineral density (BMD) improvements at postoperative dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scans were analyzed between groups aged ≥75 and < 75 years using 1:1 matching on preoperative BMD. Results: Patients ≥75 had BMD improvements through the second postoperative DEXA scans. While mean T-scores slightly improved in the ≥75 group during the study period, T-score improvement was more significant in the <75 group at first and third postoperative DEXA scans with +0.7 < 75 and +0.1 improvements ≥75 by the third DEXA (p = 0.026). Postoperative fragility fracture rates were similar in the ≥75 group, but significantly improved in patients <75 (10.4% preoperatively to 1.4% postoperatively, p = 0.020). Both cohorts had low complication rates with recurrent laryngeal nerve injury and permanent hypocalcemia of <1% (p = 0.316). Conclusions: Postoperative BMD improvement was similar between the two cohorts with no difference in complication rates suggesting parathyroidectomy is safe and effective in the elderly.
- Bone mineral density
ASJC Scopus subject areas