Paramediastinal air cysts and pneumatoceles are known complications of chest trauma and mechanical ventilation. After an initial period of enlargement, these lesions tend to resolve completely with conservative management. We present a case of a premature newborn who developed an enlarging paramediastinal air cyst as a result of resuscitation around the time of delivery that ultimately required surgical excision via a right thoracotomy. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case in a neonate.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine