Paradoxical Temporal Enlargement: An Expansion of Superficial Temporal Fat Pad Following Interfacial Technique for Pterional Craniotomy

Randall G. Krug, Doga Kuruoglu, Maria Yan, Jamie J. Van Gompel, Jonathan M. Morris, Marielle J. Kamath, Christopher S. Graffeo, Basel Sharaf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Contour irregularities in the temporal region have been reported previously after procedures involving temporal dissection. In this study, we report paradoxical temporal enlargement (PTE) following interfascial pterional craniotomy. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent a unilateral transcranial procedure with frontotemporal approach at our institution between September 2013 and December 2017 was performed. Patients with a previous craniotomy or bilateral craniotomy were excluded. Radiological imaging series including computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging were utilized to calculate temporal soft tissue volumes both preoperatively and postoperatively by using advanced software technology. Relative soft tissue volume differences between the operative side and the contralateral side were calculated at different time-points including preoperative, 3-months follow-up (3M), 12-months (12M) follow-up, and the last follow-up (LFU, over 1-year). RESULTS: Forty-three patients were included. Mean age was 52.7 ± 4.5 years. Mean follow-up was 27.9 ± 15.8 months. Significant changes of temporal fat pad relative-volume difference were observed between the preoperative and the corresponding 3M (t [82] = -2.8865, P = 0.0050); 12M (t [77] = -4.4321, P < 0.0001), and LFU (t [74] = -4.9862, P < 0.0001) postoperative time points. No significant change of the temporalis muscle was observed between the preoperative and the corresponding 3M (P = 0.3629), 12M (P = 0.1553), or LFU (P = 0.0715). Soft tissue volume showed a significant increase on the operative side between the preoperative and the corresponding LFU (t [74] = -2.5866, P =  0.0117). CONCLUSIONS: Paradoxical temporal enlargement with more than 10% volumetric change was observed in 24% of the patients at their LFU (>1-year). This change was not due to temporalis muscle changes. Paradoxical temporal enlargement was due to hypertrophy of the superficial temporal fat pad. Before surgical correction of postoperative temporal contour changes, it is important to obtain imaging and characterize the etiology of the deformity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2597-2602
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of craniofacial surgery
Volume32
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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