Purpose The majority of patients with cancer receive treatments that are minimally informed by omics data. We propose a precision medicine computational framework, PANOPLY (Precision Cancer Genomic Report: Single Sample Inventory), to identify and prioritize drug targets and cancer therapy regimens. Materials and Methods The PANOPLY approach integrates clinical data with germline and somatic features obtained from multiomics platforms and applies machine learning and network analysis approaches in the context of the individual patient and matched controls. The PANOPLY workflow uses the following four steps: selection of matched controls to the patient of interest; identification of patient-specific genomic events; identification of suitable drugs using the driver-gene network and random forest analyses; and provision of an integrated multiomics case report of the patient with prioritization of anticancer drugs. Results The PANOPLY workflow can be executed on a stand-alone virtual machine and is also available for download as an R package. We applied the method to an institutional breast cancer neoadjuvant chemotherapy study that collected clinical and genomic data as well as patientderived xenografts to investigate the prioritization offered by PANOPLY. In a chemotherapy-resistant patient-derived xenograft model, we found that that the prioritized drug, olaparib, was more effective than placebo in treating the tumor (P < .05). We also applied PANOPLY to in-house and publicly accessible multiomics tumor data sets with therapeutic response or survival data available. Conclusion PANOPLY shows promise as a means to prioritize drugs on the basis of clinical and multiomics data for an individual patient with cancer. Additional studies are needed to confirm this approach.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||JCO Clinical Cancer Informatics|
|State||Published - 2018|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Informatics
- Cancer Research