Background and Aims The presence and significance of epithelial denudation among treatment-naïve pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs) remain undetermined. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence, extent, and predictors of epithelial denudation in treatment-naïve PCLs. Methods Single-center retrospective study including patients who underwent EUS preceded by cross-sectional imaging and who subsequently underwent surgical resection of treatment-naïve PCLs. Surgically resected PCLs were reviewed by a pathologist in a fashion that allowed evaluation from evenly distributed regions of the cyst. Results A total of 140 patients were identified (60% female, mean age 63 years). Eighty-five cysts (60.7%) were classified as intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs), 33 (23.5%) as main duct IPMNs (m-IPMNs), 11 (7.9%) as serous cystadenomas (SCAs), and 11 (7.9%) were composed of other cyst subtypes. A greater extent of epithelial denudation was seen in mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN) compared with IPMN and SCA (mean percentage of denuded epithelium 45.1%, 10.8%, and 22.4%, respectively [P <.0001]). An association existed between the extent of denuded epithelium and degree of cyst epithelial dysplasia for IPMN and MCN combined (mean percentage of denuded epithelium for low-, moderate-, and high-grade dysplasia being 23.3%, 4.5%, and 1.2%, respectively; P =.02). PCLs resected from the neck and/or body and/or tail of the pancreas were associated with a greater extent of mean percentage of denuded epithelium than PCLs resected from the head and/or uncinate of the pancreas (23.9% vs 13.4%; P =.035). Conclusions The presence and extent of cyst epithelial denudation of treatment-naïve PCLs vary with cyst histology and other factors. The observation of denudation after intracystic ablative therapy may not provide an adequate metric of successful intervention. Further studies are needed to validate these findings.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging