Pancreas-Specific Ablation of β1 Integrin Induces Tissue Degeneration by Disrupting Acinar Cell Polarity

Lorenzo Bombardelli, Eileen S. Carpenter, Alison P. Wu, Ninche Alston, Kathleen E. DelGiorno, Howard C. Crawford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background & Aims: Integrin contact with basement membrane is a major determinant of epithelial cell polarity. β1 integrin heterodimers are the primary receptors for basement membrane in pancreatic acinar cells, which function to synthesize and directionally secrete digestive enzymes into a central lumen. Aberrant acinar secretion and exposure of the parenchyma to digestive enzyme activity lead to organ damage and pancreatitis. Methods: β1 integrin conditional knockout mice were crossed to Ptf1a-Cre mice to ablate β1 integrin in the pancreas. Histopathology of aged and cerulein-treated mice were assessed by histology and immunocytochemistry. Directional secretion was determined in vitro by FM1-43 loading with cerulein stimulation. Results: Pancreas-specific ablation of β1 integrin led to progressive organ degeneration, associated with focal acinar cell necrosis and ductal metaplasia along with widespread inflammation and collagen deposition. β1 Integrin-null pancreata were highly susceptible to cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis, displaying an enhanced level of damage with no loss in regeneration. Degenerating β1 integrin-null pancreata were marked by disruption of acinar cell polarity. Protein kinase C ε, normally localized apically, was found in the cytoplasm where it can lead to intracellular digestive enzyme activation. β1 Integrin-null acinar cells displayed indiscriminate secretion to all membrane surfaces, consistent with an observed loss of basolateral membrane localization of Munc18c, which normally prevents basal secretion of digestive enzymes. Conclusions: Ablation of β1 integrin induces organ atrophy by disrupting acinar cell polarity and exposing the pancreatic parenchyma to digestive enzymes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2531-2540.e4
JournalGastroenterology
Volume138
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010

Keywords

  • Basement Membrane
  • Laminin
  • Necrosis
  • Pancreatitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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