Effective management of the pain of chronic pancreatitis may require a multidisciplinary approach involving gastroenterologists, anesthesiologists, psychologists or counselors for chemical addiction (alcohol, narcotics), and surgeons. Viable approaches use pharmacologic analgesics with selected psychotropic medications, celiac plexus blocks, and possibly thoracoscopic splanchnic nerve transections. If these management techniques that preserve pancreatic parenchyma and function fail, resective surgical therapy may be indicated. For most of these patients, all attempts at nonresective therapy should be exhausted before operative intervention.
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