Pak2 kinase promotes cellular senescence and organismal aging

Jong Sun Lee, Yan Mo, Haiyun Gan, Rebecca J. Burgess, Darren J Baker, Jan Van Deursen, Zhiguo Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cellular senescence defines an irreversible cell growth arrest state linked to loss of tissue function and aging in mammals. This transition from proliferation to senescence is typically characterized by increased expression of the cell-cycle inhibitor p16INK4a and formation of senescence-associated heterochromatin foci (SAHF). SAHF formation depends on HIRA-mediated nucleosome assembly of histone H3.3, which is regulated by the serine/threonine protein kinase Pak2. However, it is unknown if Pak2 contributes to cellular senescence. Here, we show that depletion of Pak2 delayed oncogene-induced senescence in IMR90 human fibroblasts and oxidative stress–induced senescence of mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs), whereas overexpression of Pak2 accelerated senescence of IMR90 cells. Importantly, depletion of Pak2 in BubR1 progeroid mice attenuated the onset of aging-associated phenotypes and extended life span. Pak2 is required for expression of genes involved in cellular senescence and regulated the deposition of newly synthesized H3.3 onto chromatin in senescent cells. Together, our results demonstrate that Pak2 is an important regulator of cellular senescence and organismal aging, in part through the regulation of gene expression and H3.3 nucleosome assembly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13311-13319
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume116
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Cell Aging
Phosphotransferases
Heterochromatin
Nucleosomes
Fibroblasts
Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
Gene Expression Regulation
Oncogenes
Histones
Chromatin
Mammals
Cell Cycle
Phenotype
Gene Expression
Growth

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Histone H3.3
  • Nucleosome assembly
  • Pak2
  • Senescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Pak2 kinase promotes cellular senescence and organismal aging. / Lee, Jong Sun; Mo, Yan; Gan, Haiyun; Burgess, Rebecca J.; Baker, Darren J; Van Deursen, Jan; Zhang, Zhiguo.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 116, No. 27, 01.01.2019, p. 13311-13319.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Jong Sun ; Mo, Yan ; Gan, Haiyun ; Burgess, Rebecca J. ; Baker, Darren J ; Van Deursen, Jan ; Zhang, Zhiguo. / Pak2 kinase promotes cellular senescence and organismal aging. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2019 ; Vol. 116, No. 27. pp. 13311-13319.
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