Mental and physical stress is thought to play an important causative factor in apical ballooning syndrome (ABS) likely secondary to the vasomotor dysfunction. However, there are currently few data related to the impact of physical stress in this unique cardiomyopathy.A total 18 patients, including 8 females with history of ABS and 10 post-menopausal controls, underwent physical and mental tests. Assessments included the pain-induced peripheral artery tonometry scores (PIPATs) and mental stress peripheral artery tonometry scores (PATs).Compared with control group, PIPATs were significantly attenuated in patients with ABS in both baseline and post-mental stress (0.94 ± 0.08 vs1.30 ± 0.54, P <.05 and 0.87 ± 0.19 vs1.24 ± 0.21 P = .01, respectively); mental stress PATs were significantly lower in patients with ABS, both in Stroop test (0.79 ± 0.30 vs 1.24 ± 0.43, P = .01) and arithmetic test (0.91 ± 0.27 vs 1.36 ± 0.57, P = .01). PIPATs correlated significantly with mental stress PATs, both in arithmetic and Stroop test (P <.05).The PIPATs were attenuated in female with history of ABS and the vascular response to pain may provide a different pathogenesis mechanism on detecting patients with ABS.
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