OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and feasibility of bedside pacing stress echocardiography (PASE) as a potential substitute for pharmacologic stress echocardiography in patients admitted to the hospital with new-onset chest pain or worsening angina pectoris. BACKGROUND: Accurate and rapid noninvasive identification and evaluation of the extent of coronary artery disease (CAD) is essential for optimal management of these patients. METHODS: Bedside transthoracic stress echocardiography was performed in 54 consecutive patients admitted to a community hospital with new-onset chest pain, after acute myocardial infarction had been excluded. We used 10F transesophageal pacing catheters and a rapid and modified pacing protocol. The PASE results were validated in all patients by coronary angiography performed within 24 h of the test. Significant CAD was defined as ≥75% stenosis in at least one major epicardial coronary artery. RESULTS: The sensitivity of PASE for identifying patients with significant CAD was 95%, specificity was 87% and accuracy was 92%. The extent of significant CAD (single- or multivessel disease) was highly concordant with coronary angiography (kappa = 0.73, p < 0.001). Pacing stress echocardiography was well tolerated, and only 4% of the patients had minor adverse events. The mean rate-pressure product at peak pacing was 22,313 ± 5,357 beats/min per mm Hg, and heart rate >85% of the age-predicted target was achieved in 94% of patients. The average duration of the bedside PASE test, including image interpretation, was 38 ± 6 min. CONCLUSIONS: Bedside PASE is rapid, tolerable and accurate for identification of significant CAD in patients admitted to the hospital with new-onset chest pain or worsening angina pectoris. (C) 2000 by the American College of Cardiology.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine