We determined the pattern of mutations in exons 2-11 and adjacent intronic regions in breast cancers from Midwestern US white women. Twenty-one mutations were detected in 53 tumors (39.6%). Comparisons of the pattern of mutations within exons 5-9 showed that the frequency of missense mutations (44%) was lower in breast cancers of US Midwestern women than in most tumor types including breast cancers in other populations. Compared to breast cancers reported in a Scottish population, US women had a high frequency of microdeletion mutations (P = 0.006) and a low frequency of G:C→T:A transversions (P = 0.046). These findings suggest that environmental or endogenous factors contribute to p53 mutagenesis in mammary tissue to different extents among different populations. With a median follow-up of 19 months, the presence of a mutation was associated with shorter time to disease recurrence (P = 0.05) and shorter survival (P = 0.003). Putative dominant negative missense-type mutations (missense and in-frame microdeletions; P = 0.001) and null mutations (hemizygous nonsense and frameshift mutations; P = 0.007) were equally ominous. Thus, tumors with missense p53 mutations resulting in overexpression of a dysfunctional but otherwise intact protein have a clinical outcome similar to tumors with null mutations resulting in a truncated or garbled protein.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Oct 1 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research