Oxygen free radical generation during cardiopulmonary bypass: Correlation with complement activation

N. C. Cavarocchi, M. D. England, Hartzell V Schaff, P. Russo, T. A. Orszulak, W. A. Schnell, J. F. O'Brien, J. R. Pluth

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Abstract

To determine the relationships among complement activation, pulmonary leukosequestration, and oxygen free radical generation, we prospectively studied 15 patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass for myocardial revascularization. Plasma levels of C3a, C4a, and hydrogen peroxide (a marker of oxygen free radical generation) were measured before, during, and after extracorporeal circulation. The results confirm that cardiopulmonary bypass activates complement via the alternate (C3a) pathway. This first phase of complement activation was accompanied by an increase in plasma H2O2 (from 80 ± 8 to 155 ± 13 μM/ml; p < .001) and by pulmonary sequestration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Protamine administration after cardiopulmonary bypass further activated complement via the classical (C4a) pathway but was not accompanied by a change in plasma hydrogen peroxide. We hypothesize that both complement activation and excess oxygen free radical generation contribute to the pathophysiology of extracorporeal circulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCirculation
Volume74
Issue number5 II MONOGR. 125
StatePublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Cavarocchi, N. C., England, M. D., Schaff, H. V., Russo, P., Orszulak, T. A., Schnell, W. A., O'Brien, J. F., & Pluth, J. R. (1986). Oxygen free radical generation during cardiopulmonary bypass: Correlation with complement activation. Circulation, 74(5 II MONOGR. 125).