Oxidized neprilysin in aging and Alzheimer's disease brains

Deng Shun Wang, Nobuhisa Iwata, Emi Hama, Takaomi C. Saido, Dennis W. Dickson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

109 Scopus citations

Abstract

Deposition of amyloid in the brain is important in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), but it remains to be determined if deposition is due to increased production or decreased clearance of fibrillogenic forms of β-amyloid (Aβ). Except for rare genetic forms of AD, there is little evidence for increased production of Aβ, but decreases in enzymes involved in the clearance of Aβ are increasingly being investigated. Neprilysin (NEP) is a major enzyme for degradation of Aβ and changes in amount or activity of NEP may play a role in Aβ deposition in AD. Since oxidative damage to proteins, including formation of adducts such as 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), has been reported in AD, it was of interest to determine if NEP might be susceptible to oxidative modification. To address this question, monoclonal antibody immunoprecipitates of NEP were probed with polyclonal antibodies to NEP and HNE. The results showed decreased NEP in AD compared to normal controls. NEP in both AD and controls had HNE-modification and the ratio of oxidized to total NEP was greater in AD than in controls. These findings suggest that decreased NEP may contribute to Aβ deposition in AD and that age-related oxidative damage to NEP may play a role in age-related cerebral amyloidosis that is exacerbated in AD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)236-241
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume310
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 2003

Keywords

  • 4-Hydroxynonenal
  • Aging
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyloid
  • CD10
  • Common acute lymphoblastic leukemia antigen
  • Neprilysin
  • Oxidization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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