Oxaliplatin plus oral fluoropyrimidines in colorectal cancer

Axel Grothey, Matthew P. Goetz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The medical treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) has rapidly evolved in recent years with the introduction of novel cytotoxic drugs into clinical practice such as irinotecan, oxaliplatin, and capecitabine. Combination regimens using infusional 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/leucovorin (LV) plus either oxaliplatin or irinotecan have demonstrated clinically meaningful, high efficacy in advanced CRC. Based on the results of the Intergroup trial N9741, FOLFOX4, a combination of infusional plus bolus 5-FU/LV and oxaliplatin, has emerged as the standard first-line therapy in the palliative setting. However, infusional 5-FU-based regimens carry the need for use of central venous lines and implantable ports to allow treatment on an outpatient basis and are thus inconvenient and expensive. The use of oral fluoropy-rimidines (capecitabine or uracil/tegafur [UFT] plus LV) as substitutes for infusional 5-FU in combination protocols with oxaliplatin offers greater convenience, at the same time conceivably maintaning the high efficacy and tolerability observed with intravenous protocols. Various phase I/II trials have recently been reported that investigated oxaliplatin in combination with either capecitabine or UFT/LV in patients with advanced CRC. This review will detail the results of these trials focused on capecitabine-based combinations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S37-S42
JournalClinical colorectal cancer
Volume4
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2004

Keywords

  • 5-Fluorouracil
  • Capecitabine
  • Combination chemotherapy
  • FOLFORI
  • FOLFOX
  • Hand-foot syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Gastroenterology

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