Overexpression of adiponectin receptors potentiates the antiinflammatory action of subeffective dose of globular adiponectin in vascular endothelial cells

Peng Zhang, Ying Wang, Yanbo Fan, Zhihui Tang, Nanping Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective-A decreased plasma level of adiponectin is associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome and correlated with endothelial dysfunction. This study aimed to investigate the regulated expression of the newly identified adiponectin receptors (AdipoRl and 2) and their roles in the endothelial expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α.Methods and Results-Immunohistochemical study and quantitative RT-PCR demonstrated that globular adiponectin suppressed the TNF-α-induced ICAM-1 expression in a dose-dependent manner in mouse aorta and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Adenovirus-mediated overexpression of AdipoRl and 2 in ECs significantly enhanced the suppressive effect of a subeffective dose of adiponectin on TNF-α-induced ICAM-1 expression and NF-κB activation. Promoter reporter assays and small interfering RNA revealed that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α may function as an important pathway downstream of adiponectin and its receptors. Furthermore, overexpression of AdipoRs in rat carotid arteries markedly decreased the induction of ICAM-1 in vivo. Conclusions-We provide novel evidence that upregulation of AdipoRs in ECs potentiates the antiinflammatory effect of adiponectin; modulating adiponectin receptors may have potential therapeutic applications for cardiovascular complications associated with metabolic syndrome and diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-74
Number of pages8
JournalArteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Adhesion molecule
  • Adiponectin
  • Diabetes
  • Endothelium
  • Gene expression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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