A pivotal role of c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) on neuronal apoptosis has been demonstrated in a rodent stroke model. MAP kinase phosphatase 1 (MKP-1) is an archetypal member of the dual-specificity protein phosphatase (DUSP) family, which inactivates mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) including JNK through dephosphorylation. MKP-1, one of immediate early genes in stress conditions, was induced at transcriptional level in hypoxia/re-oxygenation (H/R) in neuroblastoma N1E115 cells, however the activation of JNK was not suppressed in the acute phase of re-oxygenation. Small interference RNA-mediated knock-down of MKP-1 enhanced phospho-JNK and neuronal death that is rescued by JNK inhibitor in H/R. Conversely, conditional over-expression of MKP-1 suppressed phospho-JNK, the expression of proapoptotic genes, and neuronal death in H/R. Further the immunoreactivity of MKP-1 was detected in the neurons and partially co-localized with that of phospho-JNK in the surrounding zone of ischemia in rat MCA-O (middle cerebral artery occlusion) reperfusion model. These findings indicate that over-expression of MKP-1 could suppress neuronal death possibly through regulating JNK signaling in vitro and be a prominent neuroprotective target for the treatment of acute cerebral infarction.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Feb 3 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Neurology
- Developmental Biology