Background: Young patients experience acute ischemic stroke (AIS) at much lower rates than their older counterparts. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the question regarding outcomes and clinical characteristics of young stroke patients who underwent mechanical thrombectomy for AIS. Methods: Following PRISMA guidelines, a systematic review of the literature was conducted using the databases PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase. The primary outcome of interest was 90-day modified Rankin Scale (mRS) 0–2. Secondary outcome variables included rate of successful reperfusion (TICI 2b/3), symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH), and mortality. Using R software version 4.1.2, we calculated pooled event rates and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) for all outcomes. Results: Our analysis included eight studies with a total of 1903 patients. Definitions of young patients included age ranges of 18–49/50 years, 18–54/55 years, and 18–64/65 years. Functional independence was achieved in 62.0% of the patients, with an overall mortality of 9.0%. Moreover, successful reperfusion was achieved in 82.0% of the patients with sICH rates of 5.7%. There was significant heterogeneity among different analyses, which could not be attributed to the differences of the definition of young patients. Conclusions: Following mechanical thrombectomy for AIS, patients aged 18–65 years achieved relatively high rates of functional independence and successful reperfusion and low rates of mortality and sICH. Clinical Perspective In this systematic review and meta-analysis of eight studies, we examined outcomes in young stroke patients, aged 18–65 years old, following mechanical thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke. We found that young patients achieved high rates of functional independence, high rates of successful reperfusion, and low rates of mortality and symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage. While there have been several papers examining outcomes following mechanical thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke in young patients, the results of these studies have yet to be pooled together in a meta-analysis. Our results indicate that young patients have good outcomes following mechanical thrombectomy. Further studies that examine these outcomes are warranted so that a higher-powered analysis can be performed to better informed clinicians regarding outcomes in this patient age-group cohort.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine